Renaissance Conclusions I. Changes 1. 14th and 15th Century- period of transformation, mostly for elite males 2. 16th- ideas and ideals spread through Europe 3. Political 1. republics to nation-state 4. Religion 1. Still Christian, but Protestant Reformation 2. Loss off unity between Catholics and Protestants 5. Intellectual 1. Humanism 2. Printing press 6. Society 1. Mostly same but fundamentally changed in Industrial Revolution 2. Individual trickle down slow II. Protestant Reformation 1. Personal devotion III. Catholic Counter-Reformation 1. There are internal movements but reformations occurred 1. Popes 2. Prohibition of books 3. Jesuits formed- cult of saints 2. Inquisition 1. Medieval- 13/14th century few people killed, more jailed 2. Modern- 16th century, linked with secular state 1. Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain- many executive IV. Outcomes 1. West divided into 2 diff. cultures 1. Catholic and Protestant 2. Modern period=intense religious division Paragraph (for help, see below)
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