Seeks to find out what would happen if some action was taken (i.e., new law, new policy, etc.). It can also be used to evaluate an existing policy or action to provide support or nonsupport for adoption of that policy in other areas (neighborhoods, cities, states, countries).
Asks if the program being implemented as intended. A successful program doesn't just examine the outcome, it needs to also consider how the program is being implemented.
Works to determine whether a program or policy was properly implemented and whether it was successful.
bridges the gap between the theoretical knowledge we generate about crime and the practical needs of the criminal justice system. Applied research examines "real-world" problems and tries to either provide a solution to a current problem or evaluate an existing program or policy so we can know how well it is working or will work if made into a rule or law.