tending to look at shared features for common reoccurance rather than the category size
easier to recall words with "r"
George and Charles
savant syndrome= good with numbers/calendars
H2=Vgenetic/ (Vgenetic _Venvironment)
Clark and Hatfield Experiment and Results
Experiment: attractive men and women were hired to approach opposite sex on college campus, state that they're attracted to them and then ask them on a date, ask them to their apartment and/or? to have sex.
Result: men increasingly had higher percentages than women. Men - 74% yes to sex while women 0%
William James theory on emotion
person who disagreed with common-sense view, said we react physically before we react emotionally
ex: can't be nervous without quickened breath
Men walked across bridge and saw attractive women.
Supports two part theory: interference influences kind of emotion, degree of arousal influences the intensity
pencils in mouth or behind ear: right hemi is better at perceiving emotions, smiling makes you happier
cars smashed vs. hit, people added glass, concept that people can confuse what they imagine vs. what they saw/heard
argues that there's only one way to analyze intelligence: everyone possesses general intelligence
argues that there are two parts to analyzing intelligence:
claims there are many ways to measure intelligence (including music)
presented chessboard configurations to chess-playing subjects for 2-15 seconds...expert chess-players could remember locations
chase and simon
compared real chess situations with fake ones. found that it wasn't photographic memories that helped determine locations, it was the fact that they could recognize common lays
ericsson and chase
students learned nums for an hour a day for 2 years...proves you can expand memory abilities through practice
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