31 BC Final War of the Roman Republic, beginning of the Roman Empire. Octavian's success over Mark Antony and Cleopatra allowed him to consolidate power over Rome and his dominions.
After fire built large indulgent palace complex on slopes of Palatine Hill -Inspired Renaissance artists -Name for overlaid gold leaf, stones and gems -Style named grotesque era -Complex of banqueting rooms, libraries, bath houses, gardens, terraces, fountains -Huge statue of Nero (120 ft) at entrance -Criticized for luxury and expansion while poor standards of living become worse-Other emperors make example, convert to public areas-Artificial lake- Vespasian drains and places colosseum-Hadrian converts to imperial bath complex
becomes emperor in 361, cousin of constantius II. believes in old gods not christianity. Didnt persecute them but made them give their land back that they took. Stabbed in back by his own christina soldier. Last non christian emperor.
Eldest son of Livia, third wife of Augustus
Married Julia in 11 BCE.
6 BCE, Tiberius was elevated in status above Agrippa's sons, Lucius and Gaius, however he refused, left Julia, and exiled himself to Rhodes.
4 CE, was adopted by Augustus as part of three candidates among Agrippa Postumus and Germanicus. Adopted Germanicus.
Shared a great deal of powers of Augustus, although transition wasn't smooth: Tiberius feigned reticence which annoyed Senate
Not well liked, partially because of writer Tacitus