Rise and Fall of Ancient Rome Final
- University of Colorado Boulder
- History 1061
- Rise and Fall of Ancient Rome Final
Last Modified: 2013-12-10
Related Textbooks:The Romans: From Village to Empire: A History of Rome from Earliest Times to the End of the Western Empire
- After fire built large indulgent palace complex on slopes of Palatine Hill -Inspired Renaissance artists -Name for overlaid gold leaf, stones and gems -Style named grotesque era -Complex of banqueting rooms, libraries, bath houses, gardens, terraces, fountains -Huge statue of Nero (120 ft) at entrance -Criticized for luxury and expansion while poor standards of living become worse-Other emperors make example, convert to public areas-Artificial lake- Vespasian drains and places colosseum-Hadrian converts to imperial bath complex
- Eldest son of Livia, third wife of Augustus
- Married Julia in 11 BCE.
- 6 BCE, Tiberius was elevated in status above Agrippa's sons, Lucius and Gaius, however he refused, left Julia, and exiled himself to Rhodes.
- 4 CE, was adopted by Augustus as part of three candidates among Agrippa Postumus and Germanicus. Adopted Germanicus.
- Shared a great deal of powers of Augustus, although transition wasn't smooth: Tiberius feigned reticence which annoyed Senate
- Not well liked, partially because of writer Tacitus
-City water ways were perfect for trade
- Caeser's grandnephew and heir
- Caeser killed, Octavian joined with 2 of Caeser's followers to defeat murderers
- Falling out between Octavian and followers
- Octavian waged war on Antony and Cleopatra and won in 31 BC at Battle of Actium in Greece.
- Named changed to Augustus in 31 BC by senate.
- Restored peace in Rome
- Leadership divided among four leaders
- Instituted by Diocletian in 293
- Marked the end of the Crisis of the Third Century
- Lasted until Constantine split empire
- He abandoned the persecution policy and in 313 granted Christians the liberty to practice their religion. They met to find a compromise for the Trinity (the Father, Son, and holy spirit).
- The change was relevant because it allowed for the uninhibited growth of Christianity in one of the largest Empires ever to exist. The far reaches of the Roman empire lead to a quick spread of Christianity.
- 96-98 AD
- 1st of 5 good emperors
- Nominated by senate
- Started tradition of adopting heirs
-father was a popular emperor and heir to Tiberius
-trained to be a crazy ruler by Tiberius
-cruel to his people
-sex with his sisters
contruscted because of the conquest of dacia and campaign
trajans column-paid for by senate and roman citzens wealth, trajans campagin carved into the side of buildings 2 libraries
Basicillia Ulpia- Trajans family name, used for legal proceedings, paid out of trajans pocket. distrubited largesses- gifts of wealth and money, space for formal ceremonies/ freeing slaves/ leaving records of who was rome citizen
2 exedra on either side of piazza
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