RTM 373 notes 8-28-08 Feature destination ? northern Arizona. Physiography Cultural assets with tribes 2/3 of state are owned by native Americans. Unique, their arts, and their culture. Hub concept, staging point. Tourism is the processes, activities, and outcomes arising from the relationships and the interactions among tourists, tourism suppliers, host governments and communities, and surrounding environments that are involved in the attracting and hosting of visitors. Tourism is the sum total of tourist expenditures. Tourism definitions: Travel: Going from one place to another Usually in the context of studying tourism we exclude: Traveling around your own community F 3 concepts System of interacting relationships. Economic sector With h4 dimensions Tourists? seeking psyching and physical experience Businesses the front line providers Gov. Policy develop promotion and implementation Host community cultural attraction,, interaction Definitions Distance ?local vs. non local Length of stay ? over night vs. days spent visiting Residence of traveler Purpose of trip VFR Conventions, seminars, meetings Business Outdoor recreation Entertainment Personal family Other MICE market *********WTO Def: tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure business and other purposes. Tourism environment Physiography: the nature and appearance of its landscape. Climate: the kind of weather, heat cold damp or dry. People two kinds: people who belong (residents) and visitors (tourist market) Physiography: cathedral rock (most photographed rock) Culture past development Culture: reflects many dimensions of its past development and its current way of life. It?s relatively a very permanent characteristic of a destination, and one that cannot and shouldn?t be changed simply to enhance tourism development. Infrastructure is another dimension that hasn?t been put in place mainly to serve tourism. Superstructure ? specifically tourism facilities restaurants and entertainment Technology - most recent and still increasingly influential dimensions of the built environment that is shaping the nature of both tourism ? transportation and communication Transportation sector airlines, bus companies and so on, tend to typify the movement of people and travel. Government: legal, political, fiscal ? Sectors: Transportation Accommodation Food and beverages Attractions Events Retail Recreation Entertainment Trade and services. Top destinations: France Spain US Italy China Top earners: USA Spain France Italy Germany Benefits of tourism: Employment Foreign exchange Incomes GNP Develops infrastructure Uses local products Diversifies the economy Gov revenues Improves quality of life Educational/cultural opportunities Preservation of destination assets Promotes global community Impacts of tourism: Strains resources Seasonality Inflation Unbalanced development Social problems ? crime, prostitution Environmental degradation Economic vulnerability. Commercializes culture Host culture conflicts
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