a network of railroads connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. It is the longest railway in the world.It was built in 1916.
A form of a violent riot, a mob attack directed against a minority group, and characterized by killings and destruction of their homes and properties, businesses, and religious centries. It typically refers to 19th- and 20th-century attacks on Jews, particularly in the Russian Empire.
a government agency which operates in secrecy and beyond the law to protect the political power of an individual dictator or an authoritarian political regime.
means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state or country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return and/or being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return.
Rules established for the media to maintain the positive status of government officials or businesses.
a German professor. He wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and DasCapital (1867–1894). He wanted to create a world wide communist organization and overthrow capitalism.
It Means majority in Russian. They came to power during the October Revolution phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, and founded The Soviet Union. They were founded by Vladimir Lenin.
was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years (1917–1924), as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a socialist economic system.
Russo - Japanese War
(8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea. Japan defeated Russia.
An elected government council in a communist country.
(22 January 1869 – 29 December 1916) was a Russian Orthodox Monk who is perceived as having influenced the Russian Emperor Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and he healed their son Alexei. He is a reason for the fall of the Romanov family.
a form of Russian governmental institution, that was formed during the reign of the last Tsar, Nicholas II.
a massacre on January 22 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia, where unarmed, peaceful demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II were gunned down by the Imperial Guard while approaching the city center and the Winter Palace from several gathering points.
a revolution in which Tsar Nicholas II abdicated, the Russian Empire fell, power was taken over by the Bolsheviks, and was the start of the Russian Civil War
formed after the Bolsheviks took over Russia, but there was a struggle of power between the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the Royalist White movement . In December 1922, the Bolsheviks won the civil war, and became the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)
a political system of stating that all property should be owned by "the people" or the government.
(4 May 1881- 11 June 1970) was a major political leader before and during the Russian Revolution of 1917. He served as the second Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government until the October Revolution. He died in exile.
(7 November 1879- 21 August 1940) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army. Opposed many ideas, such as Stalin's non-aggression pact with Adolf Hitler in the late 1930s. Forced into exile after losing power to Stalin.
absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution
The theory of relativity, or simple relativity, encompasses two theories of Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity. However, the word relativity is sometimes used in reference to Galilean invariance
(6 May 1856- 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis. He later developed theories about the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression. His theory went on to inspire the development of therapy.
(February 4, 1902- August 26, 1974) flew solo non-stop flight on May 20-21, 1927 from USA to France. Used his fame to promote the development of both commercial aviation and Air Mail services in the United States and Americas.
Where two or more political parties join together in parliament/assembly to run the government and agree on a policy programme.
In its 14 years, the Post WWI German republican government was faced with numerous problems due to the Treaty of Versailles. It was replaced by Hitler's Nazi Party.
The New Deal
A series of economic programs implemented in the United States between 1933 and 1936. They were passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. They were Franklin D. Roosevelt's response to economic problems.
A radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology.Fascist ideology seeks to exalt the Nation more than the individuals and plans by the few more than plans by the many.
A book written by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. It combines elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler's political ideology.
Was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II.
Was the ideology and practice of the Germany. It is a unique variety of fascism that incorporates biological racism and antisemitism.
suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage.
Hitlers idea to gain living space by taking land from others (especially from Russia).
The common English names for Germany when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party.
referred to as the night of broken glass. was a pogrom or series of co-ordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA stormtroopers and civilians.
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