Ceremonies that mark a significant change in a person's life
Arnold ven Gennep
Ethnographer and Folklorist who studied rites of passage
Also known as the "threshold" or "transition" stage. The second stage in a rite of passage, in which a person is prepared for their new status.
bonding with members of the community
Social Puberty Rites
Rites that initiate a person into adult membership of a community
Life Crisis Rites
Rites designed to meet certain troubles in life e.g. illness, drought
Life Cycle Rites
Rituals associated with life stages
Religious specialists who can control and direct the actions of spirits
Seasonal and Calendar Rites
Rites associated with certain times of the year
British born American Religion scholar who studied seasonal rituals
New Year Akitu Festival
Ancient Babylonian New Year rite that lasts 12 days and involves the re-installation of the tribal king
to appease or turn away wrath aroused by sin
to cleanse or cancel sin
`to wipe away sin or impurity, or to cover sin. The former definition is now generally thought to be the more accurate one – atonement involves the wiping away of sin, and results in thepropitiation of God’s wrath.
bears the sins of the community and takes them out of the community
The Jewish "Day of Attonment" It is the day in the year when the sins of the whole community are cleansed
For example The Lord's Supper and baptism. The protestant church regard a sacrament as an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace that is received through faith.
The Roman Catholic Church regard a sacrament as something through which God acts, regardless of whether faith is exercised on the part of the recipient. The doctrine of ex opera operato which means "from the work done"
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