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SC 101 Final
SC 101 Final
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The Great Sphinx at Giza was built approximately
4500 years ago
The word Classical in the context of Western civilization refers to
Ancient Greek and Roman culture
The Neolithic Era (or New Stone Age) derives its name from
new stone tools developed during this time
Of the Venus of Willendorf and the many prehistoric figures like it, a commonly held theory is that they may have been used as
In a Sumerian City, the __________ is a temple or shrine raised on a monumental stepped base
Roman architects used the ______, a standard building type, as the model for Christian churches
The Lascaux cave, containing Paleolithic paintings is located in which of the following countries?
In sculpture, Egyptian men were depicted wearing loincloths; Greek men were depicted wearing which of the following?
Which of the following materials was favored for most of the free-standing sculpture in ancient Greece?
The modern city that was once known as Byzantio and Constantinople is now called by what name?
The three most vital centers of Italian art during the Renaissance were
Venice, Rome, and Florence
Botticelli's "The Birth of Venus" offers a clear example of the influence in Renaissance art of
Leonardo's fresco painting "The Last Supper" has required repeated restoration over the centuries primarily because of
his use of experimental painting techniques
The subjects of Raphael's painting "Pope Leo X with Two Cardinals" were all
members of the Medici family
Which of the following was Botticelli's favorite painting medium?
Caravaggio's Entombment of Christ and Reuben's "The Raising of the Cross" are similar in the two artists'
use of diagonal composition
The word rococo has become synonymous with
"elaborate and profuse"
The 1600's and 1700's in Europe are often referred to as
the Age of Kings
The artist credited with inventing the dramatic use of light and dark that became a hallmark of Baroque painting is
Where did the Rococo style in architecture originate?
According to scientific testing, the African culture known as Nok was producing art during the time period of
the ancient Greek and Roman cultures
The most honored of the arts of Islam is which of these?
The year 622 CE is significant to Muslims because
it is the year 1 in the Islamic calendar
Which civilization, now present day Iran, influenced eastern Islamic civilization and, in the 12th century, inspired a new mosque
One reason the items from a sacred altar in Benin, produced over a 400-year period, have been preserved in museum collections around the world is that
British forces attacked the Benin palace and looted much of its art
Which of the following terms means "those who submit"?
Early Islamic architects derived their designs for the architecture of the mosque from which of these structures?
the Prophet's house in Medina
The mask is a typical African form of art. It is meant to be seen typically in
ceremonies and festivals
Because the Qu'ran contains a warning against the worship of idols, Muslims determined to forbid the representation of
humans and animals
The term used for the religious meeting place of Muslims
The term tao means:
way or path
The most famous Indus city, Mohenjo-Daro, had engineered structures such as:
all of the above
A stupa is
a solid earthen mound faced with stone
Siddhartha Gautama became the central figure of which of these religions?
A long network of trade routes called the Silk Road allowed:
lacquerware and textiles from China to be enjoyed in Rome
What form of printing was the greatest artistic event of the Edo Period in Japan, with masters such as Hiroshige and Hokusai?
Confucian philosophy is based on:
correct and respectful relations among people
Indian sculpture when compared to that of the ancient Mediterranean,
has more softly modeled, rounded forms
In the handscroll known as Admonitions of the Instructress to the Ladies of the Palace,
Cinfucian lessons of correct behavior are offered
Both Hinduism and Buddhism originally developed in which of these countries?
Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec culture, was founded on an island in Lace Texcoco. Today
virtually nothing remains of it
Kachina are part of the Pueblo culture. They
are supernatural beings
The Aztecs arrived in the region northeast of present-day Mexico City long after Teotihuacan had been abandoned. They viewed the city as
a sacred site where the gods created the universe
Hawaiian feather cloaks were imbued with protective spiritual power
by the chanting of the names of ancestors of the intended
The meetinghouses of the Maori have panels of patterned lattice that
are woven by women who are not permitted to enter the meetinghouses
The Maya were a culture with many centers between which warfare was common. The purpose of this warfare was
to sustain the gods, and thereby the universe, through the human sacrifice of prisoners
Machu Picchu, an Incan city in Peru,
demonstrates the Incan sensitivity to the natural landscape
The mask of the Tolai people from the island of New Britain represents tubuan, the female spirit of the duk duk society. She
all of the above
Mesoamerican civilizations share many features. ___________ is NOT a common feature.
One shared, written language
Religious belief in the Dreamtime or the Dreaming is associated with
the meanings of art an life of the Astailian Aborigines
Which of the following artists explored the "exotic" cultures that so fascinated the Romantics by visiting North African settings, including a harem?
Which artistic movement was bean in Russia by Tatlin?
Architect Walter Gropius, in 1919, founded what school of design?
What artist was famous for his "ready-mades", objects purchased and then presented as sculptures with virtually no alterations?
Which movement was formulated in the 1920's as an outgrowth of Dada?
Which of these artists created a shocking painting based on works by Titian and Raphael?
Picturesque scenes of nature, struggles for liberty, exotic scenes, and rebellion against reason in favor of emotion are characteristics of which of these "ism's"?
The movement having the most direct influence on Abstract Expressionism was which of the following?
In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused
scenes of leisure involving the middle class
Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting "Le Dejeuner sur l'herbe" (Luncheon on the Grass) from
Renaissance works of art
The "Woman" series of paintings by Willem de Kooning caused a stir in the art world. They were
seen as shocking and brutal
The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances to
bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world
The term Postmodern was first used in reference to a certain style in
Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subject matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXCEPT:
the ability to reproduce an image
One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that art
can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid
A Neo-Dada artist who made art from "found" materials and images and named his new art form combine paintings is
Starting out as a graffiti artist in the 1970's, Jean-Michel Basquait painted in a "naive" style and tried to
reflect the hybrid Afro-Caribbean, African-American, and New York culture that he belonged to
Minimalism, a trend that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of nonrepresentation and the idea that a painting is primarily
an expression of the sublime nature of reality
A new art form known as installation
creates an environment for the viewer to enter and experience
Photorealism refers to
a movement in painting that explores the way a camera "sees"
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