SECOND MIDTERM QUESTIONS JUDAISM: A RELGIOUS HISTORY OU, SPRING SEMESTER, 2009, LEVENSON PLEASE NOTE: IN HONOR OF GOOD FRIDAY WE WILL HAVE THIS EXAM WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15TH PART I. SHORT ESSAYS (50%) Acceptable definitions may be drawn from class handouts/notes/discussions, biblical passages, or from discussions in Under Crescent & Cross and From Text and Tradition. On the day of the midterm, five of these passages will appear. You may also consult Encyclopedia Judaica. Be cautious if you choose to use Wikipedia or other on-line sources. Please be sure to explain the significance of the terms. MISHNAH THE SHMA (AS LITURGY) THE AMIDAH (AS LITURGY) MIDRASH BRIT MILAH (RITUAL CIRCUMCISION) THE MOURNERS’ PRAYER (THE KADDISH) KASHRUT (Dietary Purity) PASSOVER THE PACT OF UMAR (OR OMAR) DHIMMI STATUS AUGUSTINE’S DOCTRINE OF WITNESS RASHI MEDIEVAL VIEWS OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS THE DISPUTATION OF BARCELONA (1263) KABBALAH (Article by Fine on electronic reserve) BENEDICT (BARUCH) SPINOZA (Book chapter by Nadler on electronic reserve) KIDDUSH HA-SHEM PART III ESSAY (50%) Two of the three following essays will appear verbatim on your midterm. You will choose to write on ONE of them. Please aim at being concrete in your examples. Lawrence Schiffman’s From Text to Tradition terms the Mishnah Judaism’s “new Scripture.” Explain what the Mishnah is, if possible, using examples from our in-class handouts; explain what Schiffman’s use of this term (“new Scripture), implies about the relationship of rabbinic Judaism and the Hebrew Bible; and, integrate your discussion of the Mishnah into the an overall discussion of rabbinic Judaism. Based on Mark Cohen’s Under Crescent and Cross, compare and contrast the religious, political and legal situations of medieval Jewry under Islam and under Christianity. You are welcome to bring in class discussions. Rabbinic Judaism is its own religious system, different from biblical Judaism and different from Christianity (both of which developed at around the same time). Discussing some of the following, explain to an audience of high school students or interested non-Jewish adults what rabbinic Judaism is about. Here are some possible topics for your lecture/explanation: rabbinic holidays, rabbinic liturgy, Jewish lifecycle events, Jewish law, Jewish ways of reading the Bible.