Section 1: Mitosis & Meiosis
Last Modified: 2012-01-10
- Prokaryotes: single naked circle of DNA
- Eukaryotes: each chromosome consists of a single linear DNA molecule and associated proteins
- Complex of DNA and histone proteins in which the double-helical DNA winds around eight molecules of the histone.
- G0 Phase: Cells withdraw from the cell cycle and are dormant and do not grow or divide.
- Cleavage furrow: The indentation of the cell's surface that begins the process of cleavage.
- Cell plate: Structure formed in the middle of the spindle during early telophase.
- Separase: Degraded to trigger the cleavage of cohesin.
- Synaptonemal Complex: Holds the replicated chromosomes in alignment so that base-paris can form for crossing over.
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