Section 4-The self and love
- Arizona State University - Tempe
- Psychology And Social Behavior
- Psychology And Social Behavior 350
- Lovis-mc Mahon
- Section 4-The self and love
Last Modified: 2011-05-02
Related Textbooks:Social Psychology: Goals in Interaction (5th Edition)
Processes of the self: How did I get this way?
A combination of one's specific self-schemas
Involved in motivating people to pursue specific goals, either outcomes we desire or those we wish to avoid.
The effects of self-esteem are small, limited, and not at all good...my conclusion is that self-control is worth 10 times as much as self-esteem.
Internal: outcomes are caused by one's owns actions
External: outcomes are caused by external factors
Stable: the factors that cause outcomes are consistent and cannot be changed
Unstable: the factors that cause outcomes are mutable
internal, stable: I'm an airhead and I can't do anything about it
internal, unstable- I was stressed and not paying attention
external, stable- the airport is confusing and the people who work there are stupid
External unstable- things were chaotic because the airport canceled my flight
Group A could turn off shock w/ nose...Group B could not
Later dogs were released from hammock and could jump compartments
Group B dogs didn't try to move
Motivated social comparison: when people feel badly about themselves, their tendency toward downward comparison increases
Examples: gender, profession, relationship typically involve position relative to others
Good at assessing what others demand and tailoring their behavior to fit those demands
look inside themselves to decide how to act.
To be seen as competent (self-promotion)
To be seen as powerful (intimidation)
Prejudice-global, negative affect felt toward a group of people
Before test, half were told that men generally perform better in math than women, other half not told this
Half of participants asked to report their race on the front page of the test booklet the other half were not
-amygdala activation when viewing faces of African-American men, measured using fMRI
Supreme court decision ending segregation
African American kids asked to choose whether they wanted to play with a white or black doll
Authoritarianism- preoccupation w/ formal authority, hierarchy
Familiarity and Similarity
Men: People we do stuff with
Married after age 20, similar age
Same level of education, especially if high
Religious and of same religious affliation
Sense of equity, fair give and take
Sex often, arguments rarely
Birth of First child
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