12 colonies came together, except Georgia, to discuss their relationship with england because tension was growing. Majority of colonies agreed that they still wanted some form of relationship with england but agreed to impose some type of economic...
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Act)
Punishments by the King because of the Boston Tea Party! Boston Port Act-closed port of Boston until colonists paid for tea MA Gov. Act-Banned town meetings, all officials appointed by King Admin. of Justice Act-Protected British soldiers from American Juries Quartering Act- Allowed British troops to stay in the homes of colonists. These acts violated traditional American rights.
Second Continental Congress
a meeting that convened in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775, at which it was decided that an army should be raised, with George Washington of Virginia as commander in chief, and the olive branch petition was sent to Britain.
Drafted a declaration of colonial rights and grievances, and also wrote the series of "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" in 1767 to protest the Townshend Acts. Although an outspoken critic of British policies towards the colonies, Dickinson opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence.
A Massachusetts attorney and politician who was a strong believer in colonial independence. He argued against the Stamp Act and was involved in various patriot groups. As a delegate from Massachusetts, he urged the Second Continental Congress to declare independence. He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence. Adams later served as the second President of the United States.
the regular or professional army authorized by the 2nd Continental Congress and commanded by General George Washington during the Revolutionary War
british citizen, wrote common sense, published on january 1, 1776, to encourage colonies to seek independence. spoke out against the unfair treatment of colonies by british gov. and instrumental in turning public opinion in favor of the revolution
-German mercenaries paid to fight for the British (everyone hated them) -alienated/stole from a lot of people -no real reason to fight (just for the money)
colonists who remained loyal to Britain
colonists who wanted independence from england
Richard Henry Lee
member of the Philadelphia Congress during the late 1770's. On June 7, 1776 he declared, "These United colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states." This resolution was the start of the Declaration of Independence and end to British relations.
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the British monarch and declared their independence
This was first successful colonial independence movement against a European power, 1775-1783.
Printed copies of the declaration to pass out to everyone.
Minimal ineffective government
Virtually no navy
Army undermanned, underequipped
what were the American colonists advantages during the American revolution
guerilla warfare, knowledge of the land, good leaders, help from foreign countries (France), George Washington
why was the battle of Saratoga important to the American revolution?
turning point of the revolution, France joins in to help America
American Revolution- Advantages for Britain
Global Commercial empire
Army & Navy
Cooperation of some slaves & Indians
American Revolution- British disadvantages
3,000 miles away
whig opposition in govt war
British seeking negative cause
The turning point of the American Revolution because with the influence of Benjamin Franklin; France became our ally.
Victory at Yorktown
Washington traps British Genearl Cornwallis at Yorktown, VA
French Navy comes to the rescue and blocks them in
Impact: last big battle of the war
Battle of Bunker Hill
first major battle of the revolution
Treaty of Paris, 1783 stated these provisions:
England agreed to recognize colonial independence and give up control of Ohio Valley
Boundary of new US would be Great Lakes in north, Mississippi River in West and Georgia-Florida in south
US would retain fishing rights off coast of Newfoundland
Spain got back Florida; territory lost following the French and Indian War
English merchants had right to sue for collection of American debts unpaid as of 1776
English loyalists were to be compensated for loss of their property
228. New state constitutions during the Revolutionary War and after
The first set of constitutions drafted by the individual states placed most of the government?s power in the legislature, and almost none in the executive in order to promote democracy and avoid tyranny. However, without the strong leadership of the executive, the state legislatures argued among themselves and couldn?t get anything done. After the Constitution was written, the states abandoned these old constitutions and wrote new ones that better balanced the power between the legislative and the executive.
specific rights- voting
Religion- separation of church & state
Slavery- North Abolished- South legalized
The first American constitution. It created a weak national government that gave more power to the individual states.
Articles of Confederation
-first constitution of the U.S., ratified in 1781
-created a unicameral legislature
-no provision for an executive branch
-no judicial branch
-no power to collect taxes, raise a military, coin money, or regulate interstate commerce
-enforced the Northwest Ordinances
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