5/3: Aggression Aggression = intention of causing physical and/or psychological pain What causes aggression? Frustration It being the norm Priming Scripts Feeling threatened Alcohol Hormones/biological makeup Personality Person x situation You need to have a combination of personality and situational factors before a behavior will happen What are good ways to reduce aggression? Internalization of values Mild punishments Reduces cognitive dissonance Nonaggressive models (children) Reward positive behavior Bobo Doll study Before, people thought that watching others vent aggression would decrease feelings of aggression It actually increases it Cyberbullying Feelings of power Going after an easy target Combined effort- makes you feel like part of a group Anonymity Social norms Everyone thinks their responsibility is very minor Reading: aggression IV: high/low status peers DVs: public/private endorsement of aggression; actual aggression Results: high status- more likely to endorse aggression and actually exclude Why's it importand? Peer contagion and social norms High anxiety Conform more to low status peers than high status peers Feel more similar to low status peers Fear rejection more, so they may choose situations in which rejection is less likely
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