When used for insomnia, administer 20 minutes before bedtime and schedule activities to minimize interruption of sleep. Elderly patients should be monitored for profound sedation and altered consciousness, which may contribute to falls or other injuries. Eval- Improved sleep when used as a sedative/hypnotic.
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Pt teaching
May cause drowsiness. Their effectiveness may diminish with long-term use.
Phenobarbital (Luminal) classification
Phenobarbital (Luminal) Main action
Produces all levels of CNS depression
Phenobarbital (Luminal) Indication
Reduce anxiety and cause drowsiness. At moderate doses they inhibit seizure activity and promote sleep.
Phenobarbital (Luminal) Side effect/Adverse reaction
Drowsiness, respiratory depression, psychological and physical dependance