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What was the steam engine? How did it affect the Industrial Revolution?
Amachine that created power for machines during the IR – this made productionmore efficient.
Describe the relationship between factory owners and factory workers. Who had the advantage? Why?
Factory owners wanted tomake the most money possible and didn’t care as much about the well being oftheir workers. Factory workers wantedfair wages, hours, and working conditions. The Factory owners oftenhad the advantage because there were many people who wanted jobs so unionmembers or “complainers” could be easily replaced.
Which country was the first to industrialize? Why?
Englandbecause they had the factors of production (land, labor, & capital) to makeit successful – the country was stable politically and economically.
What kind of power was used during this time? What kind of power did it replace?
Mechanicallabor from machines replaced human power/labor – this type of power is moreefficient.
What is a textile? How did it help start the Industrial Revolution?
Apiece of cloth – this was the first industry to develop inventions and sparkedthe IR.
Define urbanization. What are some effects of urbanization?
Peoplemoving from rural areas to cities caused overcrowding, crime, lack ofsanitation.
Compare and contrast the cottage industry to the factory system.
The cottage industry was how life was before the IR – people were self sufficient and lived on farms in rural areas, Thefactory system was when the IR was happening and people lived in tenements,worked a lot of hours in factories, and lived in cities.
What was the effect of the Industrial Revolution on transportation?
The IR made transportationmuch more efficient by building more roads and ports.
Describe the conditions of factories for workers.
Workingconditions were harsh – no heat or air conditioning, dirty air, poor lighting,no breaks, long hours, loud machines.
What is the difference between a legal and illegal resident?
A legal resident is someonewho has gone through all the proper channels and has obtained a green card orcitizenship. An illegal resident is someone who is inside the country againstthe laws of that country.
How has immigration laws changed since 9/11?
They have gotten a lotstricter for people coming into the United States and also require a muchlonger waiting period for citizenship.
What is the purpose of the Department of Homeland Security?
To monitor situations andterrorism within the United States.
Where are Ellis and Angel Island located? What were they?
Angel Island is in California,Ellis Island is in New York and they were immigration processing centers fornew immigrants to pass through.
Describethe Chinese Exclusion Act
It was an immigration act thatdidn’t allow Chinese immigrants to come into the country because they weretaking American jobs on the railroads.
Describe the role of minutemen.
Volunteers that watch theborder for illegal immigrants and notify border patrol.
What is a passport, when is one needed?
A form of documentation thatallows you to travel between multiple countries with recognized ID.
What does the phrase melting pot mean?
It means that every cultureand ethnicity all came together and blended in this country, forming a uniqueculture by simply combining other ones.
Someone who is displaced from their own land andtemporarily in another, usually because of war.
Forgiving of penalties and granting citizenship.
Summarizethe Supreme Court case Plessy v Ferguson.
Plessyv Ferguson was the case that upheld the idea of separate but equal.
Brownv Board of Education was the case that said African Americans and Caucasianscan go to the same school.
Listsome examples of segregation that African Americans experienced before andduring the Civil Rights Movement.
Mistreatment on every level –poll taxes, the grandfather clause, literacy tests, lynching, not given jobs,not allowed to eat with Caucasians, ect.
Prejudice or discriminationdirected towards a specific race
Whatwere the Jim Crow laws?
Basicallysegregation laws that allowed for segregation
Whowas the original communist leader in China?
Businessand trade are controlled by private owners
Business and trade are controlled by the government
Allaspects of life are controlled by the government
Whydid protests begin in 1989?
Peopledidn’t like the way the Chinese government controlled their lives
Whatexactly happened in Tiananmen Square?
Studentsbegan peacefully protesting and many more Chinese citizens joined, eventuallythe Chinese government declared martial law and killed and injured their ownpeople to stop the protests
Whatdid the Chinese government do to the students/people who were protesting?
Openfired on them and brought in military force
Whatdid our country think of China after Tiananmen Square?
Mostpeople were very upset and we set up trade embargos refusing to trade withChina
Whywould China want to cover up what happened in Tiananmen Square?
It’s embarrassing that theywere willing to treat their people so poorly for simply peacefully protesting –they also don’t want future generations to get ideas and revolt
Definecensorship. Provide examples used in China.
Blockingaccess to certain information – China censors the word Tiananmen Square on theinternet
Whywere the western journalists in China to witness the Tiananmen Square events?
Theywere already there to cover Mikhail Gorbachev’s visit to China
Whatdoes monotheistic mean?
Beliefin one god.
Ofthe 5 major world religions, which ones are monotheistic?
Christianity, Islam andJudaism.
Whatdoes polytheistic mean?
Belief in many Gods.
Givean example of a polytheistic religion.
Namethe holy book or sacred texts for each religion.
Christianity- Bible Islam-Qur’an Judaism- Tanakh or Torah Buddhism- Tipitaka (collection of the Buddha’steachings) Hinduism- Vedas and Dharma
Whereand how did each religion begin?
Christianity- Jerusalem whenJesus separated from Judaism, Judaism- Israel when Abraham made his covenantwith God, Islam- Mecca when Muhammad received his message from the angelGabriel, Buddhism- India when Siddhartha Gautama reached Nirvana, Hinduism- noone knows, combination of tribal religions
Whofounded each religion?
Christianity- Jesus Judaism-Abraham Islam- Muhammad Buddhism- Siddhartha Gautama Hinduism- no founder
Namethe religious leader for each religion.
Christianity- priest, pastor,pope etc… Judaism- Rabbi Islam- Imam Buddhism- monk, nun Hinduism- guru
Whatdoes each religion believe about the afterlife?
Christianity, Islam andJudaism- heaven and hell Buddhism and Hinduism- reincarnation until theyachieve nirvana or enlightenment
Whereis the place of worship for each of the religions?
Christianity- Church Judaism-Synagogue Islam- Mosque Buddhism- temple Hinduism- Mandir
Whatare the rules/laws for each religion called?
Hinduism- Dharma Buddhism- 4noble truths or eightfold path, Christianity and Judaism- Ten commandmentsIslam- 5 pillars
Inwhat country is the caste system most prominent?
Whatis the caste system and how is a person’s caste chosen?
A social and religious rankingin Indian society that assigns roles in society by which caste you are born in.
Whatis an untouchable? How are they treated?
An untouchable is someone whois beneath the caste system and treated like they are contagious, so they areavoided at all costs.
Whatreligion is the caste system connected to?
Whatis dharma? What is karma? What do they have to do with the castesystem?
Dharma is the guide for howyou are supposed to live your life and karma is the energy that is applied toyour soul based on your actions and thoughts during life. They decide if youmove up or down in the caste system for your next life.
Nameeach of the castes (varnas) and who belongs to them.
Brahmin- priests and scholars,Kshatriya- Kings and warriors, Vaishya- Merchants and business owners, Sudra-landless peasants and workers, Untouchable- sewage workers and street cleaners
Describethe kind of relationships people have between castes.
People do not marry indifferent castes, work with other castes or become friends with people fromanother caste, they simply try to keep to their own kind.
DoesIndia still have the caste system today? Explain your answer.
Not officially, but it isstill practiced because of the differences in access to goods and the occupationsand educational levels of the people who belong to each caste.
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