Dissent, War, and Witchcraft: The Emergence of a New Northern Landscape I) Introduction: 1) Role of church in government A) Dangers of corruption 2) New England ? s economic model A) Agriculture and trade 1) Worrisome successes 3) New England ? s debates II) Religious Debates: 1) Endemic to Puritanism A) Rooted in Puritan theology 2) Problems A) Children and Grandchildren of visible saints 1) Baptize? 2) The Halfway Covenant ? holy people believed their society was going to hell ? the kids of the visible saints were being baptized but not joining the churches ? simply didn ? t feel the sense of mission that their parents did. ? late 1650 ? s and 60 ? s came the grandchildren could not receive a baptism because their parents were not saints. ? unconverted children of saint ? s were made partial members of the church ? kids of saints could take communion, baptism, but couldn ? t vote in church matters. B) A more diver se religious environment 1) Treatment of Quakers ? non- puritans were welcome to leave ? Puritans came to practice the right religio n ? treasted the other faiths with severity ? branding on the face with an H for heresy or even executed ? this treatment wasn ? t approved by every Puritan. III) Social debates: Puritan-Indian relations 1) Living together ? relationships grew increasingly strained ? the expanding of the puritans kept moving on to their land. 2) Increasingly strained Indian-European relations A) Livestock 1) Indian views ? adopting pigs and cows could mess up the way Indians did their own thing. ? animals would disrupt agricultural processe s, and they may eat their food. ? Indians were not free to say no to these changes. ? Europeans turned a nimals loosed to graze on Indian land. 2) Impact on Indian lifeways and New England soc iety 3) Conflagration: King Philip ? s War, 1675-1676 A) Metacomet (Wampanoag) 1) Problems with the English ? Phlips father was the Indian leader at the 1 st Thanksgiving. ? Philip ? s herd of pigs bothered the English ? he started the war with the Engl ish B) Effects of the war 1) Human and material costs -10% of ALL English men were killed ? It destroyed 12 Puritan towns ? most destructive war per capita in U.S. History. ? end of 1676 lots of Indians were dead, and they were running low on supplies. 2) Impact on New England society IV) Conclusion: Salem and Witchcraft 1) Course of events, 1692 ? People began telling stories, eventually they turned to fortune telling. ? local girls began to act stran g el y, they would start barking, ect. ? The girls accused local women and they were tried on these girls ? testimonies . -19 people were killed. ? everybody involved was recanted a few years later. ? puritans thought witches were the devils recruit. ? The WEST part of town ((where the POOR people lived)) is where the accusations were coming from, and they were about people on the EAST side of town ((where the people were wealthi er. )) 2) Links to New England ? s debates A) Religious ? puritans believed they were the tip of the sphere and the head of gods plan. They believed they were in constant danger from the devil. 1. HARDCORE PURITANS- thought this was a full on war, was a punishment from god because they weren;t hardcore ENOUGH. 2. LEINEANT PURITANS- test from god. 3. BAPTIST QUAKERS- Thought the war was a punishment to Puritans because they were too hardcore. B) Economic ? dependant on trade with the puritans . C) Social - The Indian war in Massachutes (now Maine) in 1692, attacked settlers on frontier. ** accusation(ee)- connected to people that died on frontier, Victims- connections to the Indians ** TURNED THEIR HATE INTO THE SUPERNATURAL. 3) A failed utopia but a successful society ? New England had relative society ? moderate opportunity ? long lives ? not utopian, but still a well-functioning world.
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