The author's experience in Morocco, which included the absence of women from public positions, intense stares directed at him, pushing and shoving at the train station, and total disregard for sanitation by food vendors, left the author with a profound sense of
A) ethnocentrism B) culture shock C) cultural relativity D) stereotyping
Language, beliefs, values, norms, behavior, material objects, and technology that are passed from one generation to the next by members of society describe
A) culture B) tradition C) science D) experience
Jewelry, art, hairstyles, and clothing each represent examples
A) high culture B) nonmaterial culture C) material culture D) low culture
Anthropologist Ralph Linton said, "The last thing a fish would ever notice would be water." What does this imply about culture?
A) Culture is taken for granted by members of society who share it. B) There is only one acceptable method of doing any particular job. C) Every culture establishes firm standards by which it functions. D) Water is symbolic and has nothing to do with the statement.
In 1906, sociologist William Sumner made the comment, "One's own group is the center of everything, and all others are scaled and rated with reference to it." This statement is most aligned with the concept of ________.
A) cultural relativism B) ethnocentrism C) the relativist fallacy D) the cultural universal
When Harry returned from a business meeting in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, his wife asked him what he thought of the Vietnamese people. Harry replied, "They're primitive people who eat animals from the streets, drive wildly around town on motor scooters, and talk very fast." Harry's reply best qualifies as an example of ________.
A) ethnocentrism B) cultural diffusion C) the self-fulfilling prophecy D) the relativist fallacy