Sociology 120: Marriage and Family Lecture April 9: Violence (J Hooper) I. Family Violence in History A. treated as property, but expected to abide by rules B. SPCC 1. society for protecting cruelty to children 2. North Carolina studyUS Court System a. found leave family alone as long as permanent damage not done i. physically damaged C. Laws haven?t changed much, but concern has changed 1. turn of 20th century began to pay attention to violence a. some societies: it?s just normal discipline b. others: only crazy people would commit familial violence 2. 1970s: important enough to be researched, studied, written on 3. journal of Marriage and the Family a. not one article prior to 1930-1969 i. either doesn?t happen, or is normal b. 1972: whole section dedicated to violence in families c. Young: 14 chapters on family violence 4. today a. 4th most popular topic to be researched/written about II. Definition: amount and kinds A. define: physical violence 1. intent to inflict physical injury 2. Dirkheim a. suicide: intent is key word 3. Murray Strauss a. study with student Richard Gellis b. defined family violence as an event c. criticisms i. how are events differentiated? 4. in reality a. differences of events in frequency and intensity B. How to study family violence 1. national study of family and households a. random so you can generalize b. problems: getting people to admit/talk about it 2. clinical III. Spouse violence A. Steinmass and Strauss 1. 5% yes a. 3 ½ million wives, b. ¼ of a million husbands beaten with regularity 2. underestimates a. people don?t want to admit it (esp. men) b. did not study divorced or cohabiting couples 3. overestimates a. reduced amount of finding b/c divorce from violence B. Spousal homicides 1. between 10-20% US homicides are spouse by spouse 2. 50/50: just as likely a woman will kill husband as man will kill wife 3. effects % of abused men a. women beaten, but when women fight back balances out b/c kill husband 4. ?Women Who Kill? C. Alan Goodman IV. Child abuse/violence A. Steinmast and Strauss 1. 84-97% of US parents say it is alright to physically punish children under certain circumstances 2. what?s the distinction between abuse and discipline? a. in control vs. out of (lost) control 3. what?s the intent? B. instances of child abuse in US 1. different research give range in given year a. 6,000-500,000 C. Betty Vincent 1. death by child abuse a. if young enough, can?t tell you what?s happened D. reasonably high correlation between spouse abuse and child abuse 1. child abuse NOT related to socioeconomic status a. instead, depends on chances of keeping it a secret i. harder for poor people to make it secret V. Sibling violence A. infants 1. jealousy of older siblings towards new addition? B. Teenagers 1. most likely a. brother and sister 2. reasons a. space b. property c. responsibilities d. funny looks VI. Elder, dating violence A. elder 1. receiving more treatment in literature now than ever before 2. increased in importance b/c population getting older B. dating 1. James Makepeace a. 61% knew of cases of it, 21% had experienced it b. categories i. jealousy ii. sexual denial iii. alcohol (often alcohol plus i. or ii.) c. found some dating women who?d been abused said: i. ?I deserved it? ii. ?his hitting me was a sign that he cares? VII. Legal categories of abuse and neglect A. abuse 1. physical with intent 2. verbal abuse 3. emotional abuse 4. sexual abuse 5. 85% of childhood sexual abuse is by somebody that you know well 6. ¼ of teenage women are sexually abused B. neglect 1. physical 2. emotional a. indulgence, neglect, freedom VIII. Why do abused spouses/partners stay? A. ?I still love him? 1. ?he?s not always that way? B. ?I can change him? C. economic dependence D. low self-esteem 1. ?he convinced me I was worth nothing? E. fear F. don?t want to start over G. I made this choice, not gonna walk away 1. marriage is for life H. kids
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