SOC QUIZ TWO
- University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
- Sociology 1001
- SOC QUIZ TWO
Last Modified: 2011-05-24
Related Textbooks:Study Guide for Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach
-modes of action that do not conform to the norms or values held by most members of society or group
-what is regarded as deiant is as variable as the norms and values that distinguish different cultures and subcultures from one another. Forms of behavior that are highly esteemed by one group are regarded negatively by others.
-Roughnecks were often an obvious deviant “target” by the community & police
-Roughnecks perceived as delinquents & troublemakers – had poor futures.
-In the eyes of the community, the roughnecks were more deviant, even though their behaviors were very similar to those of the saints.
-Saints manipulated the system in ways that hid their major delinquency
-Saints perceived as “good boys” who were “sowing their wild oats” before settling down – had bright futures
-refers to opinions or attitudes held by members of one group toward another
-their preconceived views are often based on hearsay rather than on direct evidence
-individual is resistant to change in opinion even in the face of new information
-people may have favorable prejudices about groups with which they identiy and negative prejudice against others
-people prejudice against a particular group will refuse to give it a fair hearing
-refers to the actual behavior toward another group
-can be seen in activities that distribute rewards and benefits unequally based on membership in the dominant ethnic groups
-involves exluding or restricting members of specific racial groups from opportunities that are available to other groups
-prejudiced opinions can influence discrimination but in an indirect way
-saw great inequality in wealth and power arising from capitalism, which, he argued, made class conflict unavoidable
- over time, oppression and misery would drive the working majority to organize and ultimately overthrow capitalism.
-through the fam, wealth and opportunity are passed down
-elite children mix at exclusive schools, forging social ties that will benefit them throughout their lives
-capitalism creates classes
-three aspects of social stratification are class, status, and power
- Weber saw Marx’s two-class model simplistic.
-Instead, he thought social stratification involves three distinct dimensions of inequality.
-first is economic equality: "class position"- did not think of as categories but rather a continuum ranging high to low
-saw social stratification as multidimensional ranking rather than a hierarchy of clearly defined classes
scapegoating and displacement: because they're thought as undeserving, the poor can be blamed for virtually anything that happens in everyday life.
-blaming the poor can also be for revenge and punishment
-FEELINGS of revenge toward the poor supply at least some emotional satisfactoin
-economic banishment and the reserve army of labor: people who have been labeled as undeserving (ex-cons, school dropouts) are banished from the formal labor market.
-If school dropouts, employers may not even give them a chance becuase they think they do not have proper work ethic
-banishment makes room for immigrant workers who work for lower wages (easily exploitble by threatning deportation)
-poor have played popular role in our culture as villains
-it allows the criminals to reinforce further mainstream norms and satisfy audiences-showing that crime does not "pay" like it should
-in television criminals are shown dead or alive in the hands of police, and more dramatically in action movies and tv series
-criminal characters have been poor immigrants, communist spies, and black/hispanic drug dealers
-rap/ghetto music is also very popular and does not reinforce mainstream norms
-Conservative power shifting: once poor are declared undeserving they lose their political legitimacy ( some cannot vote or choose not to because they know politicians will not listen to their demands)
-since politicians pay little attention to them, they pay even more attention to the more wealthy voters (therefore, shift to the "right")
-Extermination of the surplus: poorer people have always had higher mortality rates than the wealthy
-various social forces combined have found ways to get rid of the "excess people"
-poor people suffer and die from various reasons (AIDS, cancer, heart attacks, street crime, death during drug trade)
-death rates will rise if poor people continually are unemployed or rejected from labor force
Gender stratification: glass ceiling
-promotion barrier that prevents a woman’s upward mobility within an organization
-problematic for women who work in male-dominated occupations
-progress until mid-level management positions
-lower paying, lower status jobs
-lower paying subspecialties (caretakers, secretarys)
-under investing in women of childbearing age
-in/out of labor force due to care work
-women’s salaries: supplements rather than main income
-women dominated fields-less prestigious
-poorer countries have adopted economic policies in prospering societies so they can prosper
-adoption of modern capitialist institutions to promote economic development
-so countires can develop economically only if they open their borders to trade
-exploitation of poor countries by wealthy ones (exploitation and poverty tied to global capitalism)
-multinational corporations based in wealthy countries
-argue that it began w/ colonialism, a political-economic system under which powerful countries establish, for their own profit, rule over weaker peoples or countries
-capitalist world system must be understood to make sense of global inequality
-emphasizes the interconnections among countires based on the expansion of the capitalist world economy
-this economy is made up o core countries, semiperipheral countries and peripheral countries
-govt role in fostering economic growth
-offer alternatives to market-oriented theories, with emphasis on states as economic hindrances, and dependency theories (states as allies o global business elites in exploiting poor countries)
-family fulfilling specialize roles in modern societies- industrialization can make failies less importatnt as a unit of economic production and more focused on REPRODUCTION, CHILD BEARING, AND SOCIALIZATION
-primary socialization (young kids learn cultural norms);Personality: (families assist adult members emotionally)- marriage is the arrangement through adult personalities are supported and kept healthy. women more emotional, men bring home the bacon
-judge people on biological appearance
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