September 30, 2008 Neoliberalism and political change debt crisis, 1980?s political processes of clientelism and democratization the illusion of civil society Civil Society increased used of concept across the globe especially since the age of Neoliberalism and the fall of Soviet Union opposition to state ? state?s incapacity to address issues and represent society market, non-market voluntary associations- NGO?s international ? in all nations, but also global unified ?a civil society? often in opposition to state in Neoliberalism and other forms groups mobilized that act in opposition to the government Clientelist Neighborhood Politics political grievances ? local needs demands partially satisfied in exchange for systemic support local organizations are isolated from political allies state interest ? power maintenance resources are key to exchange Democratic Politics political issues ? both local and national demands due to citizenship, not exchange local groups work with multiple allies, many goals the search for autonomy Debt and Neoliberal Economics Soaring debt and interest rates Rise of international financial institutions and role as debt managers (IMF, others) Neoliberalism: prioritize ?free market? policies, limit size and impact of government in economy, diminish local industry protection, open to international firms, produce for export Increasing debt and interest rates, falling commodity prices Neoliberal Policies reduce public spending eliminate consumer subsidies keep wages down privatization of state-owned firms devalue currency increase interest rates Neoliberalism Effect on Mexico 1984-2006 stagnant to negative growth increased poverty decreased real wages increased unemployment Mexico?s Politics single party rule 1924-1994 (2000) the PRI- corporatist inclusion of mass organizations coupled with clientelist neighborhood politics how do you keep political order? Growth What happens when growth stops? What is key to exchange (clientelism) votes, rally?s in return they get a whole series of things (water, pavement, community center) called into question Liberation Theology - Jesuits centers around notion that the whole of Jesus? works were about the poor struggle for justice use bible as political resource come to understand that it was right to struggle for justice 1989 Jesuit organization and untied all smaller group into one large neighborhood group Fought dominant party at every step Basic social movement group Organized large movements and were successful
Want to see the other 2 page(s) in soc Sep 30.doc?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!