What is the social-cognitive perspective based upon?
This perspective is based on the view that behavior is influenced by an interaction between people, thinking, and social context.
Explain reciprocal determinism.
It is the interaction that takes place between personality and environmental factors and how it influences us.
Describe three way that individuals and environments interact.
Different people choose different environments, our reaction and interpretation to events is shaped by our personality, and our personalities create situations that we react to.
What is personal control and how can it be internal or external?
Personal control is the extent to which we control our environment and take the reins on our lives. With an internal locus we feel in control of our fate, but when external we feel helpless to control our fate.
What concept did Seligman's research help to discover?
Seligman's research on animals discovered the concept of learned helplessness, or the passive resignation that a being exhibits when they are unable to control or avoid adverse events.
What is positive psychology?
It is the study of optimal human functioning. Its aim is to discover and promote principles that allow the individual as well as society to thrive.