Social Problems Study Guide - Section IV Exam 2 Chapter 13 - "The Rhetorical Appeal of Random Violence" Grounds: ? Anyone could be harmed/killed (acts of violence are random) ? "Ideal Victim" = victim (ex: kids, innocent woman, elderly) Claims-Making ? Typifying Stories - one or two examples of terrible stories (let audiences fill in blanks) ? Extreme consequence - you die Diagnostic Frame: ? Individual causes - individuals harmed & stranger doing violence; Social causes - anyone could be harmed ? Causes moral panics (exaggerated, heavily publicized acts of violence) ? blame: strangers Motivational: ? Could happen to us, our children (b/c random) ? Appeals to Emotion (scares us) Prognostic Frames: ? Lock doors, don't talk to strangers, don't flash headlights Chapter 14 - "Prostitutes Respond to AIDS" Grounds: ? The belief that the spread of AIDS through heterosexual men is a result of prostitution/"deviant lifestyle/sexuality" ((scapegoat)) Claims-Making: ? Constructing Extreme Consequences - AIDS = death as a result of being sexual Diagnostic: ? blame - lifestyle of victim (sexual deviant), and anyone who blames prostitutes for the spread of AIDS ? Individual causes: behavior of sexual deviant and beliefs of individual people Claims-Making Strategies: ? Construct Familiarity - Piggybacking (off Homosexuality) > now it's bad hetero people who are sexual deviants Motivational: ? AIDS is bad ? Appeals to logic and emotion - logic (cultural themes); emotion - save our families (moral themes) Prognostic: ? Get tested, don't higher prostitute, wear condom ? Legalizing prostitution (control testing, etc) Chapter 15 - "Science Constructs PMS" Grounds: ? PMS is a mental disorder ? effects all men and women Diagnostic: ? biology ? called a "disease" by people - said it overtook women's bodies ? Scientists who claim it as a mental disorder ? individual Motivational ? effects everyone ? profitable Prognostic Frames: ? more research/ medical attention ? companies came out with drugs
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