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Roman Catholic church
center of mideval europe
communities of monks
series of military expeditions to a land where Jesus lived called the holy land
- spread by rat fleas.
- killed 100 million people in the 1300s (roughly 1/3 of the population) compared to AIDS a viral disease, which has killed about 30 million.
- spread as a result of unsanitary living conditions.
- turning point that helped bring about the end of the Middle Ages and feudalism
what happened before Constantine made a decree
people would be persecuted
two rolls the church played after the fall of Rome
distribution of food / provided leadership
what we're the ranks
if you followed these you will go to heaven
to cleanse a person of sin
formal declaration of belief in God
when a priest blesses the bread and wine
after marragige the couple signs a record book
when a man becomes a priest
confessions of sin to receive forgiveness
a blessing when someone in danger is appointed
he forbid priest to marry and selling church postitions
who could only appoint people
bpody parts or belongings of saints
Geoffrey Chaucer wrote?
the tales entertained to what shrine
St Thomas Becket at Canterbury
community of nuns
large church headed by a bishop
what Latin word does cathedral come from
cathedral...... means a bishops throne
long centered section of a cathedral on
short side section of the cathedral
cathedrals we're but in what style
stone at arches
stone sculpters projecting from the rain gutters
what do they improve involving teaching
they started using lowercase letters
who we're the most educated
most of the students in schools were
sons of nobles
cathedral schools gave a rise to what
who is thomas aquina
Italian scholar of theology and phlosophy
he believed that religion and faith we're both gifts from god
holiday come from what word
what we're their two main holidays
Christmas and Easter
how'd they celebrate
music... dancing.... food
traveling groups of actors
monks we're men that did what
join monnistarries and devoted to prayer and service ......this is called the monnasticiam
who developed the monastic way of life
what we're the names of Benedict's followers
what is the bedidictines rule
poverty...... chasity..... obedience...
never too marry
own no property
covered walkway surrounding an open square
the library writing room
founded an convent and was a Pope advisor
Francis of Assisi
founded the Franciscans which is also called little brothers of the poor
what did the fransicans do
cared for the poor and the sick and also begged for money and food
because they begged for food what we're they. called
mendicants means beggar
any factor trait or condition that can exsist in different types
is the one that is changed or controlled by the scientist
the one the scientist can't control
is the group with none for example the group with no fertalizer is compared to the group with fertilizer
what the scentists wants to remain the same thru the entire experiment
250 the first microscope
compound light microscope
2000 sometimes called brightfield microscope
1500 used to view components of the cell..... high intenstiy light makes it glow...... can see DNA and RNA
phase contrast microscope
1500 examines cells in a natural state .....doesn't require stain
scanning electron microscope (Sem)
200,000 can view texture of specimen..... images more realistic (3d)
transmission electron (Tem)
1,000,000 most powerful microscope...... uses electrons instead of light... produces images as tiny as a nanometer.... produces 2d Images
steroscopic 150x used to view large thick images ......uses electrons instead of light ..... low magnification and produces 3d images..... bugs organs animals
wheres the base
the. red part at the bottom
controls amount of light thorough the specimen
seems larger then it is
makes an object appear clear and crisp
field of view
the diameter of the circle on the microscope ...what you look thru
has no nucleus
has a nucleus
in plant cells...... can make it's own food
has to hunt for it's food...... mostly animal cells
plant cell protests
organelles come together to perform one function
modifies and packages proteins
created by humans
science concerned with design... building..... use of engines.... and machines
artificial tissues or organs that replace body parts
design process step 1
identify the problem
design process step 2
research the problem
design process step 3
develops possible solutions
design process step 4
select the best possible solution
design process step 5
construct a prototype
design process step 6
test and evaluate the solution
design process step 7
communicate the solution
design process step 8
technology that helps an organism but doesn't change it
does change the organism
allows liquids or gas to pass thru
allowing ONLY certain liquids and gas thru
liquids or gas. can't pass thru
the diffusion of water
does use energy
does use energy
taken in of a substance
when large molecules need help to pass thru
doesn't use energy
what is a selectively semi-permable membrane
a membrane that let's certain things pass thru and other thing not pass thru
how does the muscular system. and the nervous system work together
ur brain controles ur muscles actions
How does the endocrine system work with the circulatory system
the circulatory uses the endocrine as transport and it basically forge the production of hormones
how does the skeletal and the respiratory system work together
the bones in the skeletal system such as the rib cage protect the respiratory organs like the lung from getting damaged
how does the circulartory and the respiratory system work together
the circulatory system pumps blood around the body and the respiratory system facilitates gas exchange which keeps the blood fresh
how does the digestive circulatory and endocrine systems work together
the circulatory system absorbs nutrients throughout the body and the circulatory system gives off signals from the endocrine system that controls the speed of digestion.
how does the reproductive endocrine and circulatory systems work together
This system works with the endocrine system because the endocrine system sends hormones to the reproductive system which helps the organs function. The brain from the circulatory system can control mating behavior so it does work with it.
how does the skeletal and muscular systems work together
The skeletal system and the respiratory system work together because the skeletal system protects and supports the lungs and other soft tissues of the respiratory system. The muscles pill on tendons to move the body
The spinal cord functions to coordinate the messages from the brain to the body.
The brain is the control center of the body. It controls the functions of all of the other organs in the body.
The pituitary gland produces critical hormones, which are chemical substances that control many bodily functions.
The pancreas produces enzymes that get into the small intestine to break down food after it has left the stomach.
The thyroid controls hormones that are needed in your metabolism. The thyroid gland takes iodine found in food and converts it into thyroid hormones
The kidney extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and help in other important function
holds the urine until it's eliminated from the body
connects the kidney to the bladder
is where the urine is eliminated out of the body
The spleen fights certain types of bacteria but the spleen also acts as a filter for blood
The lymph nodes produce lymphocytes that help defend the body against microorganisms and against harmful foreign particles and debris before it`s returned to the blood stream.
The tonsils trap bacteria, viruses, and germs.
The pathogens use subverting machinery of the host cells to produce their proteins and to replicate their genomes. Antigens initiate acquired immune responses.
Antigens initiate acquired immune responses.
Antibodies coat the surface of the invader, in order to prevent pathogens from entering or damaging healthy body cells.
is a fiberous protein that makes up hair skin. nails and horns on animals
Epidermis`s main function is to provide a waterproof barrier and create our skin tone.
The dermis`s function is to give the skin its flexibility and strength.
The glands' main function is to secrete substances that circulate through the blood stream.
The skeleton forms the shape, supports the body, produces movement, produces blood cells, and it protects the organs.
The ligaments provide joint stability and it prevents movement that might damage the joint
The tendons enable free and flexible movement in the body.
The heart pumps blood through the entire body. The arteries take blood away from the heart and deliver it to the tissues.
The arteries take blood away from the heart and deliver it to the tissues.
The veins carry blood that’s deoxygenated to the heart.
red blood cells
The red blood cells carry oxygen and release enzymes which allows water in the blood to carry carbon dioxide to the lungs.
The mouth allows air and food into the body.
The epiglottis protects the body from choking and it keeps the food on track and the air on a separate track.
The trachea lets the head and neck twist while the body is breathing and it clears the mucus out of the throat so the lungs and air passages are clear.
The lungs provide us with oxygen that we need and it eliminates some carbon dioxide before the levels get too dangerous.
The diaphragm separates the chest from the abdomen.
The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
The stomach churns the food mechanically and the food then turns into chime. The stomach also stores and digests the food we eat too.
The small intestine absorbs nutrients from the food such as amino acids, water, sugar, and fatty acids.
The large intestine absorbs vitamins and water and it converts digested food into feces.
The liver filters the blood before letting it pass through the body.
-The gall bladder has a chemical called bile which is needed for digesting food. The bile can also crystalize and turn into painful gall stones.
anus and rectum
The rectum stores feces until the feces is ready to be eliminated out of the anus. The anus is the opening in which feces is eliminated out of.
The fallopian tubes carries the ova or egg cells to the uterus
The uterus is responsible for the fetus during pregnancy. It can also expand to the size of a full grown baby.
The ovum joins with sperm to create a embryo, which will then turn into an organism.
The ovaries produce female sex hormones that control reproduction and they fertilize to create embryos.
The vagina provides elasticity to increase friction during sexual intercourse and it can stretch wide and long during intercourse and child birth. It is also used to carry out the menstrual cycle.
the penis "erects during sexual intercourse in order to deliver semen more effectively into the vagina."
The testicles produce sperm cells and testosterone which is a sex hormone.
The smooth muscle cells help hollow organs contract.
The cardiac spreads signals so that cells in the heart contract together. The cardiac is the muscle that surrounds the heart.
The skeletal muscle pulls on tendons which causes the bones and muscles to move
what are some differences I. the circulatory system frog vs human
frog only has one vessel to the heart a d has no pulmonary arteries
frog vs human what are so. e differences in the organism level
frogs have a tympanic membrane and has teeth which hold prey in place and does not chew
frog vs. humans differences in the digestive system
frogs have a cloaca and they have no vili in the small Intestine like a human
frog vs human differences in uerogenital system
frogs have a mesonephric duct and humans have urethras
in a frog the reproductive and the excretory system are on the same tract
Kidney stones happen when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances. In the last column the disease is urinary tract infection or UTI.
type 1 diabetes
you get this when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells.
get HIV by getting in contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids. Most people get HIV by having unprotected sex with another person who has HIV.
when u are exposed to the sun to much or exposed to powerful uv lights like in a tanning bed
You can get osteoporosis when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption.
you get this disease through high blood pressure, trauma, heredity, and abnormal blood flow. This disease also occurs when you have an infection in your artery wall.
you have an inherited tendency to develop allergies, called atopy. You can also get asthma if your parents have asthma or if you’ve had certain respiratory infections during your childhood. You can also get asthma if you have had contact with some
you get this disease when you eat or drink something that's got the virus in it and this is the least risky type of the five hepatitis viruses.
operation women get when they have uterine fibroids that cause pain, bleeding, or other problems, uterine prolapse, which is a sliding of the uterus from its normal position into the vaginal canal, and cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries.
you can get a pulled muscle when you overuse or misuse your muscles. You can also have a pulled muscle after a workout and you have muscle fatigue.
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