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Which of the following is NOT an example of a social group.
An individual who wants to be one of the cool kids
What is the iron law of oligarchy?
A small group of people who dominate a bureaucracy
The values, norms and behaviors that people in a given society profess to embrace.
Mead called the part of the self that is socialized the
C. Wright Mills introduced the concept of the "sociological imagination." He used this term to describe the connection between
man and biography.
biography and the physical environment.
history and biography.
Which of the following statements is best associated with Cooley's "looking-glass self?"
Children learn to develop their sense of self by interactions with other children.
Children acquire a sense of self through their interactions with others and interpretations of how others view them.
Molly is conducting research on the homeless. For six weeks she has lived among the homeless "24/7," sleeping on the street or at a shelter, and engaging in the same activities as the population she is studying. By doing so, Molly has been able to gather a broad understanding of the homeless, their needs, and characteristics. Molly is using ____ as a method of gathering data.
The ability for a theory to be disproven; the logical possibility for a theory to be tested and proven false.
Which of the following statements best exemplifies functionalist theory?
Society is composed of interrelated parts that work to maintain society's cohesion.
Gender inequality is the major source in inequality in society.
Society has continuous struggles between the "haves" and "have nots" and this inequality is the source of social change.
Durkheim focused on the bonds that unite the members of a social group known as
Frank understands that he must attend his driver's education classes. If he does not, he will not pass the driving test and will not be allowed to drive. This is an illustration of which of the key functions of socialization?
a. Socialization teaches us role taking.
c. Socialization transmits culture to the next generation.
d. Socialization establishes our social identity.
e. none of these
This perspective sees social change as the inherent result of divergent and perhaps irreconcilable social group interest and contradictory goals of social relationships.
Tyler and Martin are on a Little League baseball team. While neither can hit the ball very far, they understand the rules of the game and enjoy playing on a team. Which of Mead's stages are Tyler and Martin in?
Which of the following is not one of the rules to thinking critically about sociology?
Back up your arguments with evidence.
Be sure to use anecdotal evidence in discussion.
Be willing to admit when you are wrong or uncertain about your results.
I love going to musicals on Broadway, and reading classic books. This is an example of what
a. High culture
____ saw sociology as the scientific study of two aspects of society: social statics and social dynamics.
d. Auguste Comte
Starts from specific data, such as interviews or field notes, which may focus on the single community or event, and endeavors to identify larger patterns from which to derive more general theories.
c. Inductive reasoning
When you are taught the importance of integrity, academic honesty, patriotism, etc, you are being educated from
b. Hidden Curriculum
A relationship between two variables in which one is the cause of the other
If the researcher and the respondent interpret a research question differently, there is a problem with
Which theorist is associated with the "looking-glass self?"
Charles Horton Cooley
George Herbert Mead
c. Charles Horton Cooley
Which of the following statements best exemplifies feminist theories?
People act on the basis of the interpreted meanings attached to interaction with others.
Gender inequality is the major source in inequality in society.
None of these exemplifies the feminist theory.
In her research project, Megan is measuring age, gender, GPA, and study habits. Age, gender, GPA and study habits are examples of
____ is the process of unlearning old ways of doing things and adopting new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors.
The self-fulfilling prophecy
This starts from broad theories but proceeds to break them down into more specific and testable hypotheses.
On Saturday, thousands of West Virginians descended on Mylan Puskar Stadium to watch the Mountaineers play the Oklahoma Sooners. This would be an example of what
____, who was critical of the system of slavery, was a pioneering feminist.
Patricia Wright Mills
d. Harriet Martineau
Markus hypothesizes that unemployment increases the risk of poverty among women. In his project, ____ is the independent variable and ____ is the dependent variable.
a. gender; poverty
b. gender, unemployment
c. unemployment; poverty
d. poverty; gender
e. poverty; unemployment
Unlike functionalist and conflict theories, symbolic interactionism is a ____-level theory.
The idea that economic, political and other forms of human behavior are fundamentally shaped by social relations.
a. Social embeddedness
d. Sociological Imagination
Two common examples of this norm are incest and cannibalism.
Barney, a junior, was interested in studying the study habits of college freshman. To better understand this issue, Barney joined a number of study groups designed for freshman-level courses at his college. Barney is using which data collection method?
b. evaluation research
c. field research
d. secondary analysis
Which of the following theoretical approaches is most commonly used to understand socialization?
c. symbolic interactionism
e. None of these are used to understand socialization.
Kevin views society as a system of interrelated parts, while Patrick views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Kevin would be considered a ____ theorist and Patrick would be seen as a ____ theorist.
a. symbolic interactionist; functionalist
b. functionalist; conflict
c. conflict; symbolic interactionist
d conflict; functionalist
e. functionalist; symbolic interactionist
Robert and Kendra are studying the effects of alcohol on car accidents among teenagers. In this example, ____ is the independent variable and ____ is the dependent variable.
a. car accidents; alcohol
b. alcohol; car accidents
c. age; car accidents
d. alcohol; age
e. none of these
In Ohio, a researcher found that as ice cream sales increase, so do the incidences of murder. In this example, ____ is the independent variable and ____ is the dependent variable.
a. ice cream sales; incidences of murder
b. incidences of murder; ice cream sales
c. Ohio; incidences of murder
d. Ohio; ice cream sales
e. none of these
Which of the following statements best exemplifies conflict theory?
a. Society is composed of interrelated parts that work to maintain society's cohesion.
b. People act on the basis of the interpreted meanings attached to interaction with others.
c. Society has continuous struggles between the "haves" and "have nots" and this inequality is the source of social change.
d. None of these exemplifies the conflict theory.
Formal organizations characterized by written rules, hierarchical authority, and a paid staff, intended to promote organizational efficiency are known as
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 36. Marx called the working class the proletariat.
____ 37. Experiments are commonly cited as one of the most useful research methods for sociological research.
- Many children grow up in households with libraries, are taken to notable museums, and are taught the value of education. These kids are being provided what?
- Cultural Capital
- A relationship between two variables in which one is the cause of the other
- Causal Relationship
- Which is typically the first stage in the research process?
- This person was critical to slavery and was a pioneering feminist
- Harriet Martineau
- The two pillars to Compte’s sociology were
- Social Statics and Social Dynamics
- Mead called the part of the self that is socialized what?
- Frank understands that he must attend that he must attend his drivers education classes. If he does not, he will not pass the driving test and will not be allowed to drive. This is an illustration of which of the key functions of socialization?
- Socialization controls our behavior
- Unlike functionalist and conflict theories, symbolic interactionism is what level of a theory?
- Micro-level Theory
- Durkheim focused on the bonds that unite the members of a social group
- Social Solidarity
- The example given in class regarding meals served on certain holidays illustrated which types of norm?
- Socialization begins when?
- Tyler and Martin are on a little league baseball team. While can hit the ball very far, they understand the rules of the game and enjoy playing on a team. Which of Mead’s stages are Tyler and Martin in?
- Game stage
- The ability for a theory to be disproven, or the logical the possibility for a theory to be tested and proven false
- “Human nature is innate.” This statement is an example of which side of the nature and nurture debate?
- This person saw sociology as the scientific study of two aspects of society, social dynamics and social statics.
- This term refers sociologically as the ability of individuals and groups to exercise free will and to make change on a small or large scale
- This is the lifelong process of social interaction in which an individual acquires a social identity
- Marcus hypothesizes that unemployment increases the risk of poverty among women
- Independent: Unemployment; Dependent: Poverty
- When you are taught the importance of integrity, academic honesty, and patriotism, you are being educated from what?
- Differences in wealth, power, and other valued resources, is known as what?
- Social research examines what?
- C. Wright Mills introduced the concept of the sociological imagination. He used this term to describe the connection between what?
- Which theorist is associated with the looking-glass self?
- Which of the following statements is best associated with Cooley’s looking-glass self?
- Children acquire a sense of self through interactions with others and interpretations on how others view them
- Two common examples of this norm are incest and cannibalism
- If the researcher and the respondent interpret a research question differently, there is a problem with what?
- Max Weber captured the spirit of critical thinking in two words when he said that a key task of sociological inquiry was to acknowledge inconvenient what?
- An explanation of how and why scientific observations are as they are is
- Which of the following theoretical approaches is most commonly used to understand socialization
- The values, norms, and behaviors that people in a given society profess to embrace
- Jennifer studies how welfare policies affect working families. Jennifer is what type of sociologist?
- I love going to musicals on Broadway and reading classic books. This is an example of what?
- The example used in class regarding Spring Break students in Singapore is an example of which sociological phenomenon?
- This starts from broad theories but proceeds to break them down into more specific and testable hypotheses
- This person is often described as the most influential social scientist that has ever lived
- Mechanical solidarity refers to when people speak the same language, share the same customs and beliefs, and share the same work tasks
- Marx called the working class the bourgeoisie
- Variables that do not have a numerical value are known as qualitative variables
- Etic perspective is the perspective of the outside observer
- According to lecture, recent research suggests that internet polls are representative of the US population
- The idea that economic, political, and other forms of human behavior are fundamentally formed by social relations is know as what?
- This is the process of unlearning old ways of doing things and adopting new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
- Durkheim defined the qualities of groups that are external to individual members yet contain thinking and behavior as what?
- Which early sociologist believed that history is a series of class struggles between capitalists and workers?
1. The abolishment of slavery, women’s right to vote, and head start are example of what?
This is a formal organization that is designed to accomplish goals and task by large number of people.
According to this, being a deviant or criminal depends on how other react.
Positive deviance is behavior that does what?
According to lecture when students historically gather in riot mentality following big football and basketball victories their collective behavior is best explained by what?
According to lecture the most unstable group is what?
As discussed in lecture, the Saudi monarchy utilized power in what form?
Your sociology class this semester is an example of what?
Which theory is best represented by the following statement, a social movement will succeed if it can develop an organization in leadership to advance its cause.
This perspective contends as societies develop they become more complex and interdependent and thus social change becomes inevitable.
Henry family was unable to pay their bills last month, he wanted the best for his family but has a low paying job. “To earn” some extra cash he began selling fraudulent tickets at the civic center. According to Merton Henry is what?
Simmel stated that sometimes in a triad, this may form between two member enabling them to gain up on the third member.
A professor for example seems to possess the right to expect students listen intensively and behave respectively. This power steaming for an official leadership position refers from what?
Harold started using drugs when he was 17, by the time he turned 20 he was living on the streets. According to Merton Harold is what?
When the fire alarm sounded, all of Dr. Peterson’s students rushed to the door and pushed their way out of the classroom. On the way out 3 students were injured.
Heather has been teaching for 25 years at the local high school she doesn’t care about a big pay check and has stop caring about the success of her students. Heather is just doing enough to make it to retirement. According to Merton heather is what?
This refers to a situation in which people are unsure of how to behave because of absent conflict or confusing social norms
People differ in not only in their motivation to engage in deviant acts, but also in their opportunities to do so. According to what theory?
Tucker is involved in the Jewish awareness club on campus he strongly identifies with his faith and chooses to spend most of his free time with his friends. For tucker the Jewish club is what?
Who defines deviance?
Mark has 15 tattoos and 7 piercings. Mark is engaging in what?
This includes crime that which have been reported to the police.
This is a behavior that violates expected rules or norms.
As discussed in lecture president Gee and provost Moconal utilize what type of power?
According to your readings, the worst riots in American History occurred in which city?
The riots in Ferguson Missouri following the murdering of Michael Brown, illustrate which factor of collective behavior?
This is a negative label that devalues a person and disqualifies them from full social acceptance.
Police officers cannot ticket you for driving 5 miles over the speed limit. This is an example of a what?
This is an intense, fearful, and anxious reaction to a real or imagined threat by large numbers of people.
According to Merton, the US society emphasizes what to achieve economic success.
This term means the art or science of influencing public policy.
The murder of Emit Till, in subsequent trial served as one of the many triggers for the civil rights movement.
Student behavior included drunkenness, rioting, and vandalism, resulted in the university spending million in reconstructing the Sunny Side area. This response is best explained by which factor of social change?
Leaders like Martin Luther King Jr., derived their power in what form?
Groups have many types of leaders some leaders are especially effective in motivating members in their group inspiring them to achievements that wouldn’t most ordinarily accomplish. These types of leaders are?
To fundamental change the existing social, political, or economic system in light of a detailed alternative vison would constitute which social movement.
Athletic team, friend groups, families and religious groups are all examples of what?
Social conflict theory highlights power difference between social groups.
Out group member are rarely aware of being outsiders.
Collective behavior is a state of mind
In the United States, a candidate the wins the popular vote will always be elected president of the US.
Capital punishment decreases crime.
People who attended president Obamas inorgeration is a good example of a mob.
Derkium found that single men has higher suicide rates than married men and men had higher suicide rates than women
The old saying an eye for and eye illustrates rehabilitation perspective
The majority of people respond to block institutionalized means through which of Merton’s modes of adaptation
the ways in which people construct their sexual desires and relationships, including the norms governing sexual behavior.
unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or physical conduct of a sexual nature when such conduct is used as a condition of employment, instruction, evaluation, benefits, or other opportunities; or when such conduct interferes with an individual’s performance or contributes to an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment.
the difference between the earnings of women who work full-time year-round as a group and those of men who work full-time year-round as a group.
people who use surgery and hormones to change their sex to match their preferred gender.
the absorption of a minority group into the dominant culture.
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