Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
A condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power is called ___________.
An individual's salary and wages are called __________.
A New York stockbroker owns homes in upper Connecticut, Manhattan and the French Riviera, and he owns a real estate management company along with a large portfolio of stocks. The accumulation of the different things that he owns is considered: __________
A panhandler makes $15 to $20 per day on the streets. This is an example of _________.
Wealth is ____________.
An ascribed status is a social position: _________________
An 83-year-old woman is placed at a small table in a dark corner of a trendy nightclub and is ignored by the staff. Her shoddy treatment is probably due to her age, which is a (an) _______________ status.
A high school student is given a college scholarship because she is a Native American. This is an example of ________________ status.
A high school student is given a college scholarship based on his outstanding football skills. This is an example of _____________ status.
A high school student is given a college scholarship based on because of the amount of time that he has performed community service work. This is an example of _____________ status.
A Native American athlete spends months preparing for a big track meet, which she wins. This is an example of ______________ status.
A young lawyer loses his first three cases and comes to work late and unprepared regularly, the law firm fires him. This is an example of ______________ status.
Achieved status is a social position: ___________________
The most extreme form of legalized social inequality is ____________.
A system of enforced servitude, in which people are legally owned by others, is known as: ______________.
___________ refers to hereditary systems of rank, usually religiously dictated, that are relatively fixed and immobile.
Some sociologists have suggested that in the southern United States in the pre-civil rights era, an African American individual was born into a status that would always be subordinate to all of the white members of the community. This would be an example of a (an): ________________.
Peasants being required to work land that they leased from nobles in exchange for protection, is considered as which type of stratification system? _____________________
economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility.
What type of stratification would allow the greatest amount of movement from one stratum or level of society to another? _______________
A woman is born into a homeless single-parent family. She is very talented and as an adult, becomes a wealthy, world-acclaimed pianist. This scenario most closely represents which type of stratification system? ____________________.
An individual is born into great wealth, but is lazy and unmotivated and carelessly loses her fortune and dies in poverty. This scenario would be most typical of a: ______________________..
Sociologist Daniel Rossides created a __________________ of the American class system.
In sociologist Daniel Rossides’s model of the class system of the United States, what social class contains the smallest portion of the population? ________________________
Which one of the five social classes outlined by Daniel Rossides is noticeably declining in size? ________________.
Malcolm works as a clerk in the accounting department of a large law firm. In sociologist Daniel Rossides’s model of the class system in the U.S., Malcolm would be considered a member of the ___________________________.
the primary mode of economic production.
In Karl Marx’s view, social relations during any period of history depend on who controls ________________________.
_________________ is an economic system in which the means of production are largely in private hands, and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profit.
________________ is used by Karl Marx to refer to the capitalist class, which owns the means of production?
Karl Marx used the term proletariat to refer to the ________.
In Karl Marx’s view, members of each class share their own _________________.
Karl Marx used the concept of “class consciousness” to refer to:_______________________-.
A factory worker organizes a protest against unsafe working conditions after realizing that the owners care more about profits than about the health and safety of the workers. In Karl Marx’s terms, the factory worker can be said to have ________________.
In Marx’s view, a worker who identifies with the wealthy, and believes that he or she can achieve great wealth through hard work, is likely to have developed a _______________________.
Felix, who works as an editorial assistant at a large publishing company, believes that he or she can achieve great wealth through hard work, is likely to have developed a _____________________
One shortcoming of Karl Marx’s work is that he failed to anticipate the extent to which political liberties and relative prosperity could contribute to ___________________.
The ______ sociological perspective would most likely argue that Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales’s analysis of gender roles masks underlying power relations between men and women
The ______ sociological perspective emphasizes that the relationship between women and men has been one of unequal power, with men in a dominant position over women.
The ______ sociological perspective suggests that men may have become powerful in preindustrial times because their size, physical strength, and freedom from childbearing duties allowed them to dominate women physically.
The ______ sociological perspective has influenced the creation of the feminist perspective the most.
Six year old Sally spanks her doll for misbehaving. This is an example of ______ gender role
A 2000 United Nations report on international gender found that there are more illiterate ______ in the world than ______.
The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over a people by a power for an extended period of time is known as ______
The world systems analysis is Immanuel Wallerstein's view of the global economic system as divided between certain industrialized nations that control ______and ______
According to the world systems analysis, a "core" nation is a nation that:
According to the world systems analysis, a "periphery" nation is a nation that:
The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas is known as ______
The value of sales of the largest multinational corporations exceeds the total value of goods and services of many ______ nations.
The ______ sociological perspective would most likely suggest that multinational corporations help create social stability within a society by creating jobs and global enterprise.
The ______ sociological perspective would be most likely to emphasize that gender roles are learned by identifying with adult role models of the same sex?
Although it does not endorse traditional gender roles, the ______ sociological perspective implies that dividing tasks between spouses is beneficial for the family unit.
The ______ sociological perspective is criticized because it does not convincingly explain why men should be categorically assigned to the instrumental role and women to the expressive role.
The _______ sociological perspective would most likely compare the relationship between a colonial nation and the colonized people to the relationship between the dominant capitalist class and the proletariats.
Simple day-to-day verbal exchanges between males and females are a battleground in the struggle for sexual equality, as women and girls try to “get a word in edgewise” in the midst of interruptions and verbal dominance by males. Which perspective would focus on this issue?
Educators are concerned about the ways girls and young women are affected by the verbal dominance of males in classroom settings. Which sociological perspective(s) would be most likely to address this issue?
The _____ sociological perspectives emphasizes that patterns of male dominance in cross-sex conversations are a battleground in the struggle for sexual equality?
Modernization refers to the:
The process by which a society moves from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies is called: ______
Sociologist ______notes that modern societies tend to be urban, literate, industrial, and have sophisticated transportation and media systems, and that families in such societies are organized within the nuclear family unit rather than the extended family model.
Sociologists are quick to note that terms such as modernization and development contain an______ bias.
Margaret Mead illustrated that gender roles are the products of
In Margaret Mead's classic study of gender-role behavior in New Guinea, she discovered among the Tchambuli, gender roles for males and females are
Tom spends every day all week at the office. This illustrates the _____________________ role in U.S. society, as developed by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales.
Researchers found that in conversations between males and females males are more likely to interrupt females than vice versa.
In 2006, ____ women served as state governors.
Women constitute of the world's paid labor force, but are generally found in the lowest paying jobs.
A 2000 United Nations report on international gender inequality found that female circumcision is regularly practiced in some ______ cultures
In addition to her gender, a woman’s position in the labor market may be impacted by her
When it comes to income attainment, minority women can be said to bear a ____________ burden.
Tina and several men are hired by a large corporation at entry-level positions. Over the course of several years, these employees are given several promotions until they reach middle management positions. However, over the next several years the men are all promoted to senior management positions, while Tina, who receives the same evaluations as the men, receives no additional promotions. This is an example of the ____ ceiling.
Nora is hired along with three men by a recording company. Over time, the men are all promoted to managerial positions. Nora, who appears to be an equally productive worker, is still in her entry-level position. This could be an example of the ____ ceiling
______ is a term that refers to the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that result from the normal operations of a society.
A gym buys uniforms for employees. All of the uniforms are in a men's large size, and the gym only hires people who will comfortably fit into the uniforms. As a result of this policy, the gym does not hire any women. This would be an example of:
A hospital has a policy of not hiring men as nurses, even if the applicants have earned high grades in their courses and on their board exams, because the hospital administration thinks that "patients will be uncomfortable with a male nurse." This is an example of:
______ are a term that refers to expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females
A young boy in a child care facility already realizes that some people are females and some people are males, and he plays only with other little boys. In addition, he likes to wear the same kinds of clothes that they wear. He is in the process of developing a (an): _____
A gender role is:
Fear of and prejudice against homosexuality is called ______.
Homophobia is the fear of and prejudice against _____.
In most cases, the crucial agents of gender-role socialization are ______.
What social institutions play an important role in gender-role socialization in the United States?
Research of children’s books published in the United States in the 1940s, 50s, and 60s indicated that female characters were portrayed as ______ and in need of ______ men
____ and ____ have identified five aspects of male gender roles (i.e., antifeminine, success, aggressive, sexual, and self-reliant)?
Robert Brannon and James Doyle identified five aspects of the male gender role that included an ________
anti feminine element (show no ‘sissy’ stuff, including any expression openness or vulnerability).
success element (prove one’s masculinity at work and in sports).
aggressive element (use force in dealing with others).
sexual element (initiate and control all sexual elements).
self-reliant element (keep cool and unflappable).
List the five aspects of the male gender role as identified by Robert Brannon and James Doyle:
Males who do not conform to the socially constructed gender role face: ______.
______ studied the Arapesh, the Mundugumor, and the Tchambuli and theorized that gender-role behavior is determined by a culture and transmitted through socialization
a. distinguished between expressive, emotionally supportive role (women) and instrumental, practical role (men).
b. conducted a __________________________ analysis of gender roles in the United States
c. noted that families benefit from the traditional _________________ of labor between men and women, which ensures that all of society’s jobs are completed
Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales:
______ is a term is used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales to refer to an emphasis on tasks, a focus on more distant goals, and a concern for the external relationship between one's family and other social institutions.
The concept of instrumentality, as used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, refers to:
According to Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, the instrumental role is most likely performed by _____.
According to Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, what role do men take within the family?
_____ is a term used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales to refer to concern for the maintenance of harmony and the internal emotional affairs of the family.
Marsha, a new employee at a daycare center, is praised by her boss for being warm and nurturing to the young children. This illustrates the ______ role in U.S. society, as developed by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales?
A newly married woman keeps a spotless apartment and cooks beautiful gourmet meals. This illustrates the ______ role in U.S. society, as developed by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales.
According to Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, the ______ role is most likely performed by women.
The concept of expressiveness, as used by Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, refers to:
Men’s in the United States receive higher amounts of rewards in terms of prestige and money.
Conflict theorists would view gender differences as:
Using an analogy to Marx's analysis of class conflict, conflict theorists argue that women are in a position comparable to that of the: ______.
Using an analogy to Marx’s analysis of class conflict, conflict theorists argue that men are in a position comparable to that of the:
One of the earliest documents written by a United States feminist was ______ by Mary Wollstonecraft.
A Vindication of the Rights of Women was published in 1792, and was written by:
The Subjection of Women was published in 1869, and was written by:
The Origin of Private Property, the Family, and the State was published in 1884, and was written by
Who argued that women's subjugation coincided with the rise of private property during industrialization?
Friedrich Engels, a close associate of Karl Marx, argued that women’s subjugation by men: with the rise of ______ during industrialization.
Friedrich Engels argued that women’s ______ coincided with the rise of private property during industrialization.
Feminist sociologists would argue that the very discussion of women and society, however well meaning, has been distorted by the exclusion of ______ from academic thought, including sociology.
Some radical feminist theorists view the oppression of women as ______, regardless of whether it is a capitalist, socialist, or communist society.
The early work of Jane Addams and Ida Wells-Barnett was excluded from most academic thought because:
The ______ sociological perspectives argue that it is not possible to drastically change gender roles without dramatic revisions in a culture’s social structure.
Although male dominance in cross-sex conversations is an example of a micro-level analysis, it is also a reflection of macro-level relationships. Which sociological perspective(s) would focus on the macro-level forces that influence these male and female conversations?
In 2006, women have made steady progress in certain political arenas as indicated by the fact that, ____ women served in the House of Representatives, ____ women served as governors, and ____ women serve in the Senate
The ideology that one sex is superior to the other is known as ______.
The foreman of a construction crew will not hire women because "they are weak, moody, and a distraction." The foreman's attitudes are ______.
Sexism is defined as the
Institutional discrimination refers to the:
Institutional discrimination is present in which United States institutions?
Behavior that occurs when work benefits are made contingent upon sexual favors, or the making of lewd comments and presence of pornographic material create a hostile work environment is referred to as:
In 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that sexual harassment in the workplace applied also to people of the ______ sex.
A ______ work environment has become the subject of considerable debate.
Sexual harassment generally occurs in organizations in which the hierarchy of authority includes _______.
Women grow ______ the world's food, but they rarely own land.
Single-parent households headed by women are typically found in the ____ sections of the population.
A 2000 United Nations report on international gender inequality noted that women almost always work in occupations with ______ status than men
By 2004, ____percent of adult American women held jobs outside the home.
____ percentage of working women will likely return to the workforce within one year of giving birth.
A glass ceiling is:
______ is a phrase used by sociologist Arlie Hochschild to describe the double-burden of working outside the home, followed by childcare and housework, which many women face and few men share equitably.
A woman has a career as a stockbroker, and she is also responsible for maintaining the apartment, doing the shopping, and cooking for herself and her husband. This illustrates Arlie Hochschild’s concept of ______.
The "second shift," which refers to the double-burden put upon women who work outside the home and then come home to childcare and housework, was the subject of analysis by ____.
Arlie Hochschild’s research indicated that women spend ____ fewer hours in leisure activities than their husbands do.
Sociologist Susan Walzer studied whether mothers and fathers spent ______ amounts of time thinking about the care of their children.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!