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Dominant class are the decision makers in a society,thus the definitions of deviance stem from the view of those who have the powerto make and enforce them.
What are the ABCs of deviance?
Attitudes, behaviors, and conditions
According to the relativist Howard S. Becker, social groups create deviance by
Making the rules whose infractions constitute deviance.
The social power perspective focuses on
the influence of powerful groups and classes
Why might an individual be drawn to the subject of deviance?
4) All of the above.
What types of people discuss issues of what is deviant and socially acceptable?
D. All of the above
What are the three categories of S's that deviance is perceived as?
sin, sick and selected
The type of norm based on broad societal morals whose infractions would generate more serious social condemnation, even if a specific law was not broken would usually be classified as a
People can be labeled deviant due to attitudes, behaviors, or conditions. This is known as
The ABCs of deviance
Which is not a perspective on defining deviance? A. Absolutist perspective B. Relativist perspective
Which theorist represented the absolutist perspective and argued that the "laws of any given society are objective facts" and believed that "laws reflect the 'collective consciousness' of each society?"
Theorists from this perspective of deviance have stated that it is a simple task that is widely understood by many what is and is not deviant
Deviance might be conceptualized as violations of the norms associated with:
Which perspective of deviance states that a universal consensus exists on what is and isn’t considered socially deviant?
What is the meaning of sui generis as defined in the Adler and Adler text?
Which of the following is NOT a category of a norm?
According to the authors of the text (Adler & Adler), which of these is NOT a positive affect of social deviance on society?
A variety of personalities keeps the world interesting
What influential sociologist is considered a theorist from the absolutist/functionalist perspective, believing that laws are a reflection of the collective consciousness of a society?
B: Emile Durkheim
Theorists categorized as Absolutists (aka Structural Functionalists) argue that labeling a member of society as deviant is
Beneficial to society but not to the labeled person.
What is the difference between crime and deviance according to the text?
almost all crimes are deviance but not all forms of deviance are crimes
According to the course instructor, which of the following choices is not one of the four parts of Sociological Imagination?
Which of the following would be considered a violation of a folkway norm on this campus, today?
Wearing a traffic cone on your head
Burping in public is considered a violation of a
Over-conforming behavior that is negatively evaluated by society is considered ______ in the deviance typology put forth by Heckert and Heckert
d. Rate Busting
Who coined the term Sociological Imagination?
1. C. Wright Mills
According to the “Sociology of Deviance” by Kai T. Erikson, public punishments of deviants such as Town Square hangings have declined possibly due to
Newspapers and media coverage
The "Mother Theresa phenomenon" occurs when... 1) negative
Conditional deviant status can be
Either ascribed or achieved
If someone believed the selected perception of deviance, how would they be likely to classify a person who identifies as a homosexual
Someone whose behavior was intentionally chosen for recreation, as a coping method, or a lifestyle choice
Which statement correctly defines Relativist Perspective?
All of the above
Which Perspective is also known as the Labeling Theory? 1
Which of the following is the definition of negative deviance? A. under-conformity or nonconformity that is negatively evaluated
under-conformity or nonconformity that is negatively evaluated
Social Power theorists argue that laws reflect the
Interests of the powerful in society
A theorist that argues that labeling criminals as such and protecting society from them is most likely arguing from the
The most appropriate example of a commitment ceremony as discussed in the text and lecture is
Committing murder, streaking to the columns, and engaging in insider trading are all ways in which an individual can acquire a deviant social status through
The idea that deviance varies by social role (ex. murder when a gang member kills someone and performing duties when a soldier/cop kills someone) is key part of which perspective on deviance?
According to the absolutist perspective, when are moral panics more likely to grow?
Both B and C
The instructor for this course used Dennis Rodmanand how he has dressed up in women’s clothes and continuously dyes his hair as an example of how power and status can effect social reactions, stating that the more powerful the actor or group the less likely the social reaction is
Negative and less likely to be labeled negative deviance
Negative deviance is a result of
negative evaluations and under-conformity
True or False: Once a person has received a negative label through a commitment ceremony that label is easily reversed
Once a deviant status is acquired through a criminal conviction, that status is automatically removed once a person has served his time in prison
An example of positive deviance is
If someone breaks social/cultural norms but no one knows about it, does the instructor believe it is deviance?
After a person commits a single deviant act, he is likely to be deemed as someone who causes trouble in other respects
Which status in society overrides all other status we hold and has a certain level of priority to it?
The state that sociologists identify as resulting when one is caught between the loosening moral norms regulating behavior and one’s own moral misgivings is known as
According to Erikson, Human communities tend to
Maintain their boundaries
According to the course instructor, commitment ceremonies are often irreversible because it is easier to brand someone as deviant than it is to remove the branding
Can a condition received at birth be regarded as deviant?
Deviance and reactions to deviance are important to every community because they help define where the norms are for that community
According to Beckers study, Musicians viewed other musicians that smoke marijuana as squares
Gifted and over-acheiving students are seen as rate busters to their peers and at the same time are seen as positive deviants to their teachers
Richard Quinney best fits the
True/False: Social Power theorists are most concerned about power differentials between societies on a global scale, not with groups within a specific society.
Anne Hendershott is a feminist who believes that good and evil should be viewed primarily through the lens of patriarchal oppression
Which theorist is credited with developing the Drift Theory
The Social Constructionist Perspective is a combination of which two theories?
Participant observation on deviance refers to:
Which theory is when individuals are deviant because they are labeled as such?
One disadvantage of using slang in survey research is that: 1) It is different in every country.
It changes meanings rapidly and is often imprecise
According to Drift Theory, it is
It is very rare for people to become deviant over-night
According to Differential Association Theory as presented in class lecture, gradual experimentation with drug use could leads to routine drug use because
Detailed information on upper level drug dealers for sociological researchers is
lacking because of the difficulty of the researchers to penetrate into their midst
Revitalization of labeling theory, incorporating conflict theory's sensitivity to inequality and how this power struggle between different groups is directly tied to micro levels interactional and identity issues.” This best describes:
Which of these concepts is not generally considered part of labeling theory?
The greater stake a person has in society, the greater the risk deviant behavior poses to their place
According to the instructor, which best describes Matza's Drift Theory?
People drift back and forth between non-deviant and deviant social groups
Unlike most other perspectives interactionists are concerned with _____ deviance occurs as well as ___ deviance occurs
Which theory acknowledges the appeal of deviance and instead focuses on WHY people CONFORM?
Control Theory of Delinquency
As an outsider, developing trust from members inside an unorganized deviant groups (clubs, gangs, social circle), can be…
Slow and difficult. Earning trust and acceptance takes a lot of time and effort
In survey research, the mode of administration can be…
All of the above
The approach that recognizes that people can only understand the world it terms of words and categories that they create and share with one another is the
Travis Hirschi is the author of which theory
Feminist theory is a part of which perspective?
Which perspective states that when an individual’s family and close friends engage in deviant behavior, the individual is also more likely to engage in deviant behavior?
According to Interactionist Perspective (Hirschi) why do people conform?
According to the instructor of this course, the Differential Association Theory principle that people tend to adapt to who they associate with would be illustrated well in which of the following scenarios? 1
A punk rocker in a Southern Baptist church “tones down” his punk look for service.
According to the course text, research sources about deviance usually come from the three services listed below? 1
Field Research, Official Statistics, and Survey Research.
___________ argues that the root cause(s) of crime is in the structure of society.
Some examples of Hirschi's "obvious" explanations for deviant acts include:
The process of constructing and applying definitions of deviance can be understood as what?
Which of the following is a "Mode of Administration" of surveys?
Which theory on understanding deviance claims that it is unnecessary to look for causes of deviance because they are obvious?
Control Theory of Delinquency
Robert Merton would likely agree that an example of a “Retreatist” could be a _____________
Routine illegal drug user
Which researchers view of deviance dealt with the idea that gender is a "master status"?
Patricia A. Adler stated that there is often a ____________ bond between researchers and their subjects when it comes to field research of deviants
Which is not considered one of the patterns of adapted interactions between societal goals and institutional means to attain the goals as presented in class lecture?
According to Sutherland and Cressey, criminal behavior is
True or False: Boys and girls are likely to experience deviance similarly, due to gender-related patterns and structures.
According to the instructor, Sutherland and Cressey's differential association theory is best described as
deviance is learned from intimate relationships with others
Which research method has a free cost and uses up a short amount of time?
By engaging in deviance with them, and by gaining the group’s trust slowly and gradually
Anomie is best described as
break down of social standards and norms
Which statement most encompasses the basis of Differential Association theory?
Deviant behavior is learned by a person’s interactions with peers
True or False. According to feminist theory, deviant women are often more harshly treated due to the influence of a patriarchical power structure.
In the Adler article, women who hung around dealers and smugglers were labeled as
Which was/were example(s) Buzz used in lecture when he was explaining the Rebellion pattern?
The Adler and Adler article on survey methodology indicated that: Until quite recently, scientific research on sexuality has been _______________ .”
Considered taboo and therefore avoided.
Who proposed a social learning theory that suggested exposure to aggressive or aversive behavior could reinforce people's tendencies to become aggressive
A functionalist would agree with which of the following...
Field work (also known as Participant observation) is an example of what type of research?
According to the instructor of this course, feminist theories are often classified as
When a society shifts norms, making previously deviant acts non-deviant (such as smoking or divorce) this process is called _______________.
TRUE or FALSE According to Becker, violating norms without ever encountering a deviant label is "secret deviance".
What does “Defining Deviance Up” mean?
When society shifts norms from something being non-deviant to being deviant
Walter Miller believed that the values of the lower-class culture produce deviance for its members because these are "naturally" in discord with ____________ values:
Which Psychological Theorist discussed the id, ego, and superego?
Who believed that criminals are more primitive, "ape-like" and "less evolved"?
Which perspective suggested that deviance was a collective act, driven and carried out by groups of people
What was the dominant theory in sociology for the first half of the twentieth century
What “sex” is an individual with "XX" chromosomes?
The ___________ locates the root cause of crime and deviance outside of individuals, in the invisible social structures that make up any society.
According Reinarman's "Vocabulary of Attribution" the reason a person would commit a deviant act is because:
They have an unusual attribute that suggests there is something wrong with them.
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