To login with Google, please enable popups
Forgot your password?
Don’t have an account? Sign up
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up with Google or Facebook
To sign up you must be 13 or older. Other people won’t see your birthday.
By signing up I agree to StudyBlue's
Already have an account? Log in
the groups, organizations, or institutions of power which create society's structures and ideologies
the groups which overall determine, for example, how people make a living (determine the economy)
The modern world-system’s structure has changed little; the gap between peripheral countries and core countries has actually widened, even though some countries have industrialized. (T/F)
"Protectionism" is a policy in which typically
States generally contain only one ethnic group. (T/F)
Which of the following is a geocultural agent in Ancient Egypt?
Which of the following is a geocultural ideology of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Which of the following was an important geocultural structure in Ancient Egypt?
Which of the following is a geocultural ideology in Ancient Egypt?
Which of the following is a geocultural agent in the Mesopotamian Empire?
In the production of Barbie, which activities are said to be the least profitable?
Merchant capitalism (simple commodity production) differs from the capitalist mode of production in that the latter requires
Which example best demonstrates the interlinkages of commodity chains in the modern world-system?
In the discussion of the Barbie commodity chain, which of the following statesments best expresses the importance of the article?
The division of labor in the modern world-system is best characterized as
The forced reorganization of productive activities around the low-ends of a commodity chain is one of two steps in the incorporation of a region into the modern world system; this act of economic reorganization is called
In the new division of labor created between Europe and the New World, Europe specialized in producing and selling which goods?
The modern world-system's first wave of expansion through colonization occurred from
The modern world-system's second wave of expansion through colonization occurred from
The key mode of the modern world-system's geographical expansion out of Europe and onto other continents was
The two empire-type world-systems that were incorporated/destroyed by the expansion of the modern world-system during its initial phase of expansion include (SELECT TWO):
Even though all states are equally sovereign in principle, some have much greater influence over others. This is largely explained by the fact that
Which states monopolized the most profitable sea-trade routes in Europe during the 1100-1350 period?
The majority of enslaved Africans worked as
The average life expectancy for a Brazilian slave on a sugar plantation in the late 18th century was
The sociologist Orlando Patterson defines slavery as including all of the following EXCEPT
All of the following social structural elements made the Spanish conquest of the Inca and the extraction of silver from the region easier EXCEPT
According to Petras, the global concentration of economic power held by American and European firms is a result of
According to Petras, American economic imperialism has been
Petras argues that developing countries should not "liberalize" their markets (reduce trade barriers that benefit local producers) because
The direct political control of a people by a foreign ruling state is known as
The continued exercise of political and/or economic control over a people in one state by another in the absence of formal political control is known as
Julian Go notes that the images proffered by the Hollywood film industry can be a form of
Commodity chains refer to
In the discussion of the Barbie commodity chain, which of the following facts is most relevant to demonstrating that peripheral countries are stuck with low-profit activities?
From the perspective we are building in class (the world-system perspective), the geographic boundaries of our modern division of labor are best defined by productive activities that are
Modern capitalism is indetifiable due to the unique relationship between states and capitalists; which of the following best articulates that relationship?
According to a 2002 survey by the Financial Times, the largest companies in the world are based in all of the following locations EXCEPT
Petras argues that the world economy is "imperial" in nature, due to
The effect of colonialism on the colonized community has most often been
Something new about modern society that didn't exist under European feudalism, or the empires that existed in the area previously, is that in any given country of modern society _____ and _____ came to support each other.
The authority governments have (within a given territory) and the recognition of that authority in that territory by other states, is called:
Which is characteristic of the political culture of modern society:
According to Connor, when an ethnic groups shares both a sense of nationalistic heritage and the control of the government structure, this group is called
In Connor's discussion of the nation-state, he defines the nation as
What percentage of countries in the world today qualify as nation-states?
Which of the following technological innovations was not significant in allowing the Europeans to fully colonize Africa in the 19th century?
"Joint stock companies," which emerged out of mercantile capitalism in Britain and the Netherlands, are advantageous to merchants because this kind of business structure
Given what we know about merchant capitalism in Europe, which can we infer about why the port city of Srivijaya declined in the 15th century?
Indian Ocean trade between the 7th and 15th centuries is an example of
According to Held and McGrew, the expansion of Europe across the globe enhanced the demand and the need for the basic types of organizations that characterize modern society. These include (SELECT THREE):
According to Held and McGrew, empires differed from modern states in two ways (select two)
According to Held and McGrew, the shift from imperial and territorial forms of control to deterritorialized forms of power and domination was primarily due to
According to Held and McGrew and emphasized in lecture, the big difference between pre-modern states and modern states is that:
According to Held and McGrew, "Conventional political maps of the contemporary world" display
The reason why diplomats generally enjoy immunity from local laws is that they are protected by the "immunity of state agencies," which rests on the idea that
The capitalist mode of production is found in
In the context of the "capitalist mode of production," how do people who don't own the means of production survive?
Historically, colonialism was characterized by core states militarily conquering the people of a non-European area of the planet, extending the core states' sovereignty over them, while depriving them of rights.
"Small-scale entrepreneurship fuelled by small-scale loans" is a development mechanism called
According to Maggie Black in "Economic Development - Who Benefits?" the wealth that OPEC countries enjoyed after the successful hike of oil prices in the 1970s was
That in most countries classes (rich, poor, middle) are composed disproportionately of certain ethnic groups means that
What is an example of an imagined ethnic group?
What is an example of a practiced but not organized ethnic group?
What are the three levels of ethnic group praxis according to the lecture/powerpoint slide? (SELECT THREE)
Which is the most accurate way to find an ethnic group? An ethnic group is a group of people best identified by
The objectivist approach to ethnicity holds that membership in an ethnic group is based on
The subjectivist approach to ethnicity holds that membership in an ethnic group is based on
Name two geocultural structures of modern society (SELECT TWO)
Which of the following is a geocultural ideology of the Mesopotamian civilizations?
Building on the work of Saskia Sassen in his discussion of globalization, Larry Ray notes that which of the following have become strategic sites for the acceleration of capital and information flows?
All of the following are necessary elements of external or international sovereignty EXCEPT
Regarding medieval Europe, which of the following are true? (mark all that are true)
The best way to find the boundaries of a society is to
Which of the following THREE statements are important in defining the world-system perspective?
A reliable criteria for finding a society would be to look for
In the American South, the criteria used to define racial categories changed over the centuries of slavery. This indicates that
The "Trail of Tears" refers to
The classifications of humans into "races" is problematic because
In the video, "Race: Power of an Illusion," one key reason given as to why Europeans enslaved Africans, as opposed to enslaving other people, was that
Which of the following statements about the concept of race in the United States is true?
Ethnic groups often react against inequality and become political. When they become political, they necessarily
Which is generally true about ethnic groups?
Most of the perceived differences between so-called "races" results from:
Slavery in the modern worldsystem is unique for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that
According to Held and McGrew, the expansion of Europe through colonization required and led to the creation of "the modern form of rule," which involved
Absolutism is an imporant part of how our modern interstate system developed because
All of the following are true about the interstate system, according to Held and McGrew, EXCEPT
The capitalist mode of production is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
How is value created in the capitalist mode of production?
The Peace of Westphalia resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
John Urry, who was mentioned in Larry Ray's discussion of globalization, takes the position that sociologists should not talk about a "sociology beyond societies."
Urry's approach to the modern world - as being a society without territorial boundaries - is akin to which of the following concepts we're using in our course?
Which of the following states has NOT ratified the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court?
International regulatory agreements were established prior to the creation of the United Nations or IMF/World Bank in all of the following sectors EXCEPT
Areas of the planet became semiperipheral or peripheral primarily because
The capitalist mode of production benefits from all of the following EXCEPT
The rug merchants of 13th century Genoa, who would buy rugs from Asian producers and then sell them in Europe for a profit, are engaging in
John Green suggests that the port city of Srivijaya declined because trade is "a pretty weak foundation upon which to build a polity;" however, the perspective we use in our class recognizes a factor that Green leaves out of his analysis.
Given what we know about merchant capitalism in Europe, which of the following can we infer about why the port city of Srivijaya declined in the 15th century?
The form of capitalism in which wealth is created primarily through selling goods at a higher rate than their cost to purchase is:
The economic historian W.W. Rostow argued that:
The two international economic organizations that were developed after World War II at a conference in Bretton Woods, New Jersey are
In the world-systems perspective, the countries of modern society
According to the world-systems perspective:
After Europeans had interacted with the Cherokee population in North America and imposed changes on their way of life, the Europeans began to describe the Cherokee as "civilized," meaning that the Cherokee
In the video, "Race: Power of an Illusion," historian Robin D.G. Kelley points out the puzzle that faced our founders:
"The problem that they had to figure out is: how can we promote liberty, freedom, democracy on the one hand, and a system of slavery and exploitation of people who are non-white on the other?"
What was the European founders' solution to this contradiction (including Jefferson)?
The concept of "race" developed
The fact that in some countries there is generally a predominant language or dialect that most ethnic groups in that country speak, or dominant ethnic customs, food, etc., is explained in the lecture by
The world-system perspective holds that the political borders of a country are
Which of the following are inconsistent with a world-systems perspective?
Which TWO of the following are inconsistent with a world-systems perspective?
Most organized/active ethnic groups, in search of ending oppression, seek one of three ways to resolve their situation; these are (SELECT ALL THREE)
n the American South, the criteria used to define racial categories changed over the centuries of slavery. This indicates that
Compared to other species of animals, humans are
ost of the perceived differences between so-called "races" results from:
One important reason for understanding commodity chains is that
In the discussion of the Barbie commodity chain, which of the following facts is most relevant to demonstrating that countries do not have their own economy, but that there exists instead a world-economy?
From a world-systems approach, "division of labor" refers to
The multi-state order of Europe was key to the emergence of capitalism because
The wealth of core states hinges on
As the debt burden on poor countries increased and the balance-of-payment crises multipled after the OPEC oil shocks, the IMF and World Bank
An ethnic identity that is comprised of many particular ethnic groups is said to hold
A.the general success of ethnic groups in struggles to get their own states, which is reflected in the term "nation-state."B.the other ethnic groups which agreed to adopt to a dominant culture.C.the dominance of one ethnic group in that state which made other ethnic groups assimilate by controlling the state and its institutions.
D.the democratic process in which people collectively decide what the general culture of a country will be.
The "Global Tourism" video, shown in class, showed many images of cultural presentations. Some of these were "authentic" while others were commercialized for a tourist audience. Which ONE of the following (all taken from the video) is the most "authentic" / least commercialized expression of indigenous culture?
The point of view that National Geographic offers its readers is that of
The criticism of National Geographic expressed by Lutz and Collins is that the magazine
According to Appiah's "Case for Contamination," fundamentalism and cosmopolitanism are different in that
In "the Case for Contamination," Appiah argues that cultural change
According to the article, "Language Born of Colonialism Thrives Again in Amazon," what did local officials do to institute the linguistic change?
In the article "Seeking Balance: Growth vs. Culture in Amazon," Carlos Arboleda, Ecuador's minister of energy and mines, said:
"The petroleum does not belong to them. The oil belongs to the state."
Which ethnic group(s) below is he referring to?
According to the article, "Language Born of Colonialism Thrives Again in Amazon" what happened to the people who can speak língua geral after local officials took action?
Often, the first efforts at the cultural education of indigenous people by a colonizing State were conducted by
In describing the characteristics that are common to most indigenous groups, Robbins identifies all of the following attributes EXCEPT
International law, and most governments, generally recognize that aboriginal inhabitants possess rights to the lands they use. (T./F)
According to Robbins, the boarding schools that Indian children were required to attend were modeled on
Often colonizing States (like Britain) maintained - and even strengthed - the role of traditional leaders in the territories they controlled. This kind of political arrangement is called
According the Robbins, the two most common methods that were used to incorporate indigenous people into the capitalist economy are
The term used to reference "the destruction of culture" is
Robbins, drawing upon the work of David Maybury-Lewis, claims that two qualities are important in defining indigenous people: (a) they are descendants of the earliest populations of a region, and (b) they are
"An area perceived to be abundant in natural resources that can be easily exploited but seems not to be controlled by a nation-state" is called
Communal ownership of land is problematic for capitalism for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
All of the following have been proposed as elements defining "ethnocide" EXCEPT
According to his TED Talk, "Dreams from Endangered Cultures," which of the following statement would Wade Davis mostly likely agree?
Which of the following is NOT one of the typical policies advocated under Structural Adjustment?
What do Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) require governments to do (SELECT FOUR)?
Under Structural Adjustment policies, the rationale for having a country devalue their currency is
As materialism increases in a society,
People will prioritize materialism more when
The video, "the High Price of Materialism," notes that higher levels of consumption and materialism will lead to
People tend to focus more on consuming material objects when they are feeling
Neoliberal economic policies of "free trade" effectively
Neoliberalism intensifies stratification between core and periphery, in that
Neoliberalism is an important geocultural ideology of the modern world system; which of the following are geocultural agents that cultivate neoliberalism in our modern world?
The economic reform policies that global funding agencies, like the IMF and World Bank, require semiperipheral and peripheral countries to implement are called
_______ states tend to encourage "free trade" economic policies while ______ states tend to pursue "protectionist" policies.
Studies undertaken by the United Nations find a relationship between the increased global flow of money (subsequent to neoliberal policies coming into effect in the 1990s) and
David Ricardo's concept of "comparative advantage" has not produced a balance of imports and exports in most countries, rather
According to the neoliberal perspective, in order for companies to maximize their profits, they should be able to
According to Cohen, the diasporic "sense of solidarity with co-ethnic members" is complicated by all of the following EXCEPT
The legitimacy of National Geographic's representations of "other" parts of the world rests on
As a cultural artifact, National Geographic is considered to hold which of the following "taste" position?
In "the Case for Contamination," Kwame Appiah expresses concern that support for "authentic" cultures around the world doesn't also
According to the "Seeking Balance" article, the central dispute described in the article is between