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Who is Fakir Musafar and what does he believe about suspensions?
What sociological truism did Frank Zappa state?
Anorexiapurposeful starvation embodies visual as well as behavior disabilities,bulimia, is binge eating followed by vomiting and laxative abuse isbehaviorally deviant.
What are common physical manifestationsand behavioral traits associated with these disorders?
Fear of fatness,20-25% loss of initial body weight, self starvation or
Combination with excessive exerciseoccasional binge eating, vomiting, binge eating followed by laxative,depression, obsession and anxiety
What is the overall mortality rate foranorexia nervosa?
What demographic characteristics areassociated with eating disorders?
Transitoryperiod of norms isolations which do not affect an individuals’ self concept orperformance of social roles
When did family and friends of anorexicswithdraw their praise?
Heightened awards of group members,respondent’s differed histories,
Anorexic byfriends, family or medical personnel, denied it initially
Were anorexics or bulimics more likely toadmit their disorder when confronted?
What is secondarydeviance?
How does secondary deviance differ fromprimary deviance?
Group membersbehavior were altered, family and friends used as
catch all,imagined people watching and whispering, friends never
offered food ordrink
According to Becker, how do social groupscreate deviance?
Bymaking the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance, consequently, devianceis not a quality of the act but rather a consequence of the application byothers of rules and sanctions
What have studies of school-age childrenconsistently found?
Yes, inthat some statuese override all other statutes and have ceratin priority, obesepeople are “fat” first, only secondarily as seen as possessing ancillarycharacteristics
Is obesity a master status?
A status cue is some feature of the social environment that contains information about aparticular status or dimension
What is a status cue?
How are active cues communicated?
Throughinteraction informed by peers, friends, spouses,
Passivecues are information that exists within the environment but the individual mustbe sensitive to that information, weight on a scale is a form of passive cue
To what does the term “recognizing” refer?
Refers to the degree to which a person whopossesses certain objective status characteristics is aware that a particularstatus label applies to them
Is being fat a self-evident status?
Relatively non-self-evident status,individuals do not recognize that fat is a discription that applies to them
For the subjects of this study, didrecognizing occur primarily through active or passive cues?
Recognizing occurred primarily through active cues, passiveues were highlyvisible and unambiguous,
What is placing?
A cognitive process whereby an individualcomes to identify an appropriate status from among those available
what sports were prominent in Europe during the 16th – 18th centuries?
The opposition to baiting sports throughout their existence was associated withtheir competition with what groups for public audiences?
In 1835 whatsports were declared illegal?
Bear baiting, bull baiting, and dog fighting
When did the federal government make it afelony to transport dogs across state lines with the intent to fight them?
What are the unique characteristics of this dog when engaged in battle?
Absence of the threat display, almst neverbares his teeth or hair will raise, pit does not rear up but takes hold andshakes, wants to fight and wants to damage
Concerned with the study and imputation ofmeaning, motive, emotion, intention, and feeling as life events are experiencedand organized by interacting individuals
What group dominates the sport of formaldog fighting?
Breeders hold themost prestigious positions within the fraterniety
How long is the training period for the fight?
I a dog comes in over weight his ownermust pay the other owner the agreed upon amount and negotiate a new contract
What men have the highest social status atthese events?
Make sure they arefree of any noxious substances that could interfereWith the dogsabiity to fight
They have theoption to taste the other opponent’s dog
Which dog has to scratch to his opponent?
Amount of time
A dog’s failure toscratch
The owner callingthe fight
The death of oneor both dogOne of the dogsjumping the pit
What are the most and least common ways for a fight to end?
To what does the phrase victimless crime refer?
Willing exchangeamong adults of goods and services,Transaction inwhich both parties agree to enter the relationship
What examples of victimless crimes are mentioned in the article?
what are excuses, justifications, and accounts?
Excusesconsited of appeals to forces outside of their control which compelled them torape
Justificationspresented their own behavior as situationally appropriate and using a number ofrape stereotypes make their victims feel culpableAccounts explore rapists own perceptions oftheir crim
Which of these do deniers and admitters typically use?
What are five ways in which these men justified rape?
1. women asseductresses
2. womenmeans “yes” when they say “no”
3. mostwomen eventually relax and enjoy it
4. nicegirls don’t get raped
5. guilty of a minor wrongdoing
What are the three types of excuses these men used?
1. useof alcohol and drugs
3. niceguy image
Denial of respobility, appear to higher loyalties, andcondemnation ofCondemner
What were the three most common forms of cheating these students listed?
A failure to footnote sources in written work,collaboration on assign
Mentswhen professor specifically asked not to, copying from other students on testsand examinations
Which three techniques of neutralizationwere most often cited by cheaters (in order)?
Denialof responsibility, condemnation of condemners, appeal to higher loyalties
What percentage of those students who hadnever cheated on a test had helped someone else cheat?
When did motorcycle gangs first come topublic attention?
How do mamas and old ladies differ?
Mama belongs to the entire gang, she was sexually availablefor any Member
Old lady was an individual;s women, the jacket she woreindicated
Whose woman she was
What could a man require his old lady to do?
What was a sheep?
A woman who had sex with each member of the gang during an
Initiation, she was the gift to the old members
What was a sheep?
Woman after she pulled a train
What did wings signify?
What one function other than status striving among members did sex ritualsserve?
Act ensured that it was difficult for law enforcementofficials toInfiltrate the gang
What three reasonsare given for these women’s involvement with bikers?
Some women truly loved and were excited by motorcycles
A preference for macho men real men ride bikes”
Women associatewith biker gangs were low self-esteem
How did the way women were defined change as bikers transitioned fromhedonistic to economic interests?
What amount of drugs was Dave involved inimporting into the U.S.?
Covert in the majority of cases due to thetactical diffidculties,Started using overt role once people knewthem
What tactical difficulties were associated with the progression from covert toovert roles?
Comingon too fast and blowing it, or juggling our over and covert
Roleswith different people
Had nerly opposite effects, marijuana lead to peoplebecoming
Unproductive, sleepy or involved in eating
Cocain provided to be a research aid, the drug’s warningand socialInfluence caused people to open up
Did the Adlersthemselves use and/or sell drugs while involved in this study?
Not fall prey tosex role stereotyping, couples allowed them to relate to
Both men and women
When moral and physical stigmas are imposed by others, the women invoke claiming strategies that admit _____ while denying _____.
Why did many women who expressed a desire to fight the stigma associated with sex work not do so?
What one function other than status striving among members did sex rituals serve?
What three reasons are given for these women’s involvement with bikers?
How did the way women were defined change as bikers transitioned from hedonistic to economic interests?
Why did many of the bikers in the late 1980s not want their old ladies to have tattoos?
Some scholars have called for a more dynamic approach which recognizes that sex work can be experienced as what?
When we compare what people say about their drug use in surveys with the results of drug tests, what do we find?
Drug tests figures are higher than what people say about their drug use – i.e. people lie.
The ADAM sample is drawn in what?
10 counties in which some of the nations largest cities are located – Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago, Denver, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, New York, Portland, Sacramento, DC
What is so useful about ADAM?
It accesses populations that would be inaccessible by the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse or MTF – because many don’t live in conventional households, nor can they be located in conventional institutions, such as school/work.
The 2008 sample was made up of about 4,000 booked arrestees who agreed to _supply a urine sample__ and about __85__ percent of those who were approached.
In 2008, what was the median percentage testing positive for any of 10 drugs across the cities in the ADAM sample?
What does the text say regarding the likelihood of criminal offenders using psychoactive drugs in comparison to nonoffenders?
What are the two premier drugs that arrestees have taken recently?
Marijuana and cocaine
The ADAM II team estimated that respondents admitted to having used a specific drug how frequently?
The same percentage (44%) indicated they they had taken the drug in the past 30 days as had tested positive for the drug.
DAWN collects information on what two crucial drug abuse events (ME=Medical Examiner)?
Emergency department (ED) & Medical Examiner (ME)
As age rises, the risk of dying of drug-related causes does what?
as age increases, risk of dying increases.
What are the three drugs that appear consistently in both ED and ME figures?
Cocaine, narcotics, & alcohol.
The MTF survey is conducted where, and how is it administered?
The MTF survey asks about what four levels of use?
1. Life-time prevalence – whether they’ve used the drug in question.
2. Annual prevalence – used during prior year
3. 30 day prevalence – use in the prior month
4. Daily use – or use on 20 or more or the prior 30 days.
What else are respondents asked about in this survey?
Perceived risk, their disapproval of the drug use, and perceived availability of specific drugs.
What are two obvious limitations to the MTF survey?
Student who are absent or have dropped out.
Why do twelfth graders form a less-representative segment of the appropriate age category than is true of tenth and, especially, eighth graders?
More deviant kids have already dropped out by 12th grade.
The NSDUH is a survey of Americans of what ages?
Randomized sample of Americans
In the month prior to the NSDUH survey, only for _cocaine__ does the proportion of the population who used any illicit drug other than marijuana approach even 1 percent?
In 2008, what was the lifetime prevalence for American adults for marijuana/hashish, cocaine, and Ecstasy?
In 2008, what was the lifetime prevalence for cigarettes and alcohol?
What is the prevalence rate?
Alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana
a. Alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana
For at least three decades the pattern of drug use and age has been what?
Relatively low among youths (12-17), extremely high among young adults (18-25), even lower for those in the older adult years (26-34), and lower still for those older than 35.