Define the term Theory.
A theory is a statement of how and why specific facts are related.
A theoretical approach uses a certain theory about how facts are related to guide thinking and research. There are three main theoretical approaches used in Sociology.
What is the Structural-Functional theoretical approach?
A framework for studying society based on the assumption that society is a complex set of systems that together promote stability.
What was Herbert Spencer's view on society?
Suggested that society is much like a living organism. He argued that much like organisms that stay alive through the interconnectedness of organs and organ systems, society is kept alive by the interaction of people and social structures.
What did Talcott Parsons beleive society needs to survive?
Sought to identify the tasks society needs to survive and the ways society accomplishes these tasks
What three types of social structure did Robert Merton acknowledge?
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