explains crime in terms of power & economic inequality. they say deviance & crime is a normal response to competition & conflict over scarce resources. suggest lower social classes are driven to deviance & crime to meet their basic needs & as a way to act out their frustration. upper classes use deviance to maintain their privileged status.
deviance/crime occurs when people experience some sort of disconnection, when norms seem week or absent. when this happens they are likely to experience anomies. 2 theories that explain these are the strain theory & social bond theory.
symbolic interactionist perspective
believe crime is learned through every day activities either learned with people we associate with or sometimes b/c of a label we required or used to become a self-fulfilling activity, it is the most direct. 1st- Primary deviance & 2nd- Secondary deviance.
violation of social norms but is not caught or is excused.
deviant behavior that a person adopts to describe who you are.
(Robert Merton)- suggests we live in a world that teaches us to set or go after our goals but we don't all have the same opportunity to achieve these goals & therefore it creates a strain.