1.) Criminological - deviance is a crime 2.) Normative - violation of a social norm 3.) Social constructionist - socially constructed (depends what environment you are in)
Why is the idea of context dependency so important for the social constructionist theory of deviance?
Depending where you are can decide whether the act is deviant or not. Ex. - murdering someone or killing them in a war. Ex. 2 - baby out the window
What has Howard Becker to say?
Acts are considered to be deviant if people respond to it negatively and define it as deviance. The same acts are considered deviant in some contexts and not in others, because people respond differently.
What are Becker's main points about learning how to smoke marijuana?
Ideas organize the experience, not the other way around. All of these techniques are learned, which means they're social no natural.
Key points of Erikson's analysis in Wayward Puritans :
is a functionalist analysis of deviance --> isn't necessarily bad, rather, it fulfills important functions for society. Deviant whose activities have moved outside the boundaries of group distinguishing "we" good and "they" bad (boundary violating)
Durkheim had 3 larger goals in his study of suicide :
1.) Sociology is a science 2.) Social facts are real 3.) suicide is a problem of solidarity