a) a man and a woman and their children engaged in a supportive relationship
b) a household composed of people of different sexes
c) any couple who have been legally married
d) two or more people who consider themselves to be related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
D. two or more people who consider themselves to be related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Sociologically what is the immediate family of husband, wife and children who live apart from other kin?
a) the nuclear family
b) the vertical extended family
c) the horizontal extended family
d) the traditional family
A. the nuclear family
John was adopted as an infant by the Smith's, and has always considered the his real family. What do sociologists classify the Smith family as it is regarded by John?
a) it is his family of procreation
b) it is his family of orientation
c) it is his family of marriage
d) it is his family of obligation
B. it is his family of orientation
In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to marry white, African Americans to marry African Americans, and members of a specific class to marry within their class. This marital practice is called____
In Bongo Bongo male members of the tribe may each legally have three wives. This family relationship is defined as____
a) serial marriage
b) serial monogamy
Why do functionalists argue that the incest taboo is nearly universal norm?
a) it reinforces patriarchal authority
b) incest is universally regarded as a deviant act
c) the incest taboo facilitates the socialization of children and avoids the role confusion
d) it privets the transference of genetic defects
C. The incest taboo facilitates the socialization of children and avoids the role confusion
In some tribal societies it is highly encouraged for the son or daughter of one tribe to mary the son or daughter of a neighboring or rival tribe to build camaraderie and form an alliance. This pattern or marital behavior is called____
It is customary is US society to accept her husband's last name and for the bride's family to pay for the wedding. What is the line of authority this represent?
c) a bilineal society
d) an egalitarian socity
The feeling of sexual attraction and idealization of another is called____
a) romantic love
b) animal magnetism
c) rational emotive attraction
d) emotional overload
A. Romantic love
Husbands remain primarily responsible for earning the income and wives are primarily responsible for the house and children. This is an arrangement sociologist call____
a) sexism in US society
b) the gendered division of labor
c) techniques of resistance
d) the hidden curriculum
B. the gendered division of labor
In the United States, what is the choice of marriage partner most dependent on?
a) it is totally unpredictable because love is blind
b) it is based on individuals engaging in a rational cost benefit analysis
c) it is highly influenced by pheromones
d) it is influenced by age, education, class, race and religion
D. It is influenced by age, education, class, race, and religion
What is the single greatest influence of marital homogamy?
Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in the marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?
a) it will increase
b) it will decrease
c) it will probably remain the same
B. it will decrease
How has the age of the average first-time bride and groom in the United States changed since 1890?
A. Both bride and groom are older than at any other time.
How has the rate of cohabitation changed over the past 30 years?
C. it has risen significantly.
The stage of life before adulthood during which a new trend of children staying home longer is becoming common referred to a___
b) younger adults
c) emancipated minors
Who were the two Americans who proposed universal schooling as a means to create a uniformational culture?
a) John Dewey, William Julius Wilson
b) Horace Mann, Alexander Hamilton
c) Thomas Jefferson, Noah Webster
d) John Quincy Adams, John B. Watson
C. Thomas Jefferson and Noah Webster
Prior to a formal system of education that included schools, teachers, and diplomas how was the manifest function of education accomplished?
a) through a process of acculturation
b) through heredity and genetics
c) children relied on instincts to develop skills needed
d) children relied on experimentation and imitation
A. Through a process of acculturation
What was necessary for education to develop as a separate social institution?
a) the feudal system had to end
b)a sufficient number of people had to become literate
c) the printing press had to be invented to permit the printing of books
d) society had to develop a sufficient surplus so some workers could be teachers
D. society had to develop a sufficient surplus so some workers could be teachers
How did Horace Mann propose that the common schools be established be funded?
a) federal funding
b) public taxation
c) private tuition
d) corporate donations
B. public taxation
What is the central sociological principle of education as it relates to a nation's needs?
a) it is a reflection of the nation's culture and economy
b) it creates a system of labeling individuals to facilitate occupation and role
c) it is a formal system necessary for international recognition
d) it is the basis of developing a sense of national pride
A. It is a reflection of the nations culture and economy
What is a core value-reflected by the education system in Japan?
a) individual competition and achievement
b) competence in mastering knowledge
c) a group-centered approach that stresses uniformity
d) memorization and critical thinking
C. a group-centerd approach that stresses uniformity
What is the process by which schools pass a society's core values from one generation to the next?
a) cultural transmission of values
b) social integration of education
c) multiculturalism of society
d) social pluralism of culture
A. cultural transmission of values
One of the functions performed by school is to promote a sense of national identity and stabilize the political system. This function is referred to as____
a) gate keeping
b) social integration
B. Social integration
Determining which people will enter what occupation is a function of education referred to as____
b) multicultural representation
In which country are people most likely to feel that education is not needed?
b) united states
What do conflict theorists believe is the purpose of the hidden curriculum?
a) it encourages the mainstreaming of students
b) ir promotes individual change
c) it maintains the power of teacher
d) it promotes inequalities
D. It promotes social inequities
How are public schools primarily funded?
a) federal grants
b) state grants
c) state and federal grants
d) local property taxes
D. local property taxes
The most significant predicator of whether a student will attend college is her ____
a) test scores
c) family background
C. family background
According to Ray Rist's research, how long did it take for teachers to determine a child's potential success in school?
a) by the end of the first two weeks of kindergarten
b) the mid-year of kindergarten
c) the end of kindergarten
d) the end of first grade
A. By the end of the first two weeks of kindergarten
In the research by Rosenthal and Jacobson, certain students identified as "spurters" excelled throughout the school year. How did Rosenthal and Jacobson select them?
a) they were the students who did the best academic work in their previous grade
b) they were randomly chosen after taking a routine IQ test
c) Spurters were from the families of the highest socioeconomic class
d) spurters were students from two-parent families of the dominant class
B. They were randomly chosen after taking a routine IQ test.
Sociologists Rosenthal and Jacobson found that when teachers were told that certain students would probably spurt ahead during the year, those students actually did better than other students on IQ tests. What does this illustrate?
a) some students are more motivated
b) students will respond to teacher's expectations
c) students are predictable
d) educations is the best route to success
B. students will respond to teacher's expectations
Renee has difficulty in reading and writing. However, despite her problem with reading and writing, she has been passed into the next grade every year. This is an example of ____
b) functional literacy
c) social promotion
C. social promotion
From a functionalist perspective, what is the teaching of knowledge and skills which reinforces positive consequences to students?
a) required prerequisites
b) latent functions
c) manifest functions
d) social imperative
C. manifest functions
A sociologist who studied face-to-face interactions in the classroom between teachers and students would be emphasizing which sociological perspective?
a) symbolic interactionism
b) structural functionalism
c) the conflict perspective
d) the neo-conflict perspective
A. symbolic interactionism
In the United States today nearly half of all entering college freshmen have an overall high school grade point average of 4.0, twice what it was in 1970. What is the reason for this increase in students with high grades?
a) students are learning more
b) teachers have inflated grades
c) students now retain more information than ever beofore
d) most students can read at higher grade level
B. teachers have inflated grades
WHat is the primary reason sociologists study religion?
a) to verify or disprove the principles of specific faiths
b) to evaluate the truth of a religious teaching
c)to prove which religion is superior in doctrine and practice
d) to study the role that religion plays in peoples lives
D. to study the role that religion play's in people's lives.
What did Durkheim call the common elements of everyday life?
Why study religion for a mice level view?
C. study of religion helps me understand myself.
The micro level of sociology of religion is interested in
a) individual belief
b) church growth
d) religious stratification
A. individual belief.
The macro level of sociology of religion is interested in
A) individual belief
b) church growth
c) religious influence on social institutions
d) existence of angels
religious influence on social institutions.
What word did Durkheim use to refer to a moral community?
a) assembly of worshippers
b) sacred assembly
c) ritual behavior
Which of the following words is defined as "beliefs and practices that separate the profane from the sacred and unite its adherents into a moral community?
What did durkheim call elements of religion that evoke attitudes of awe and reverence?
d) aging, gray headed sociology, teachers
What are the four elements of religion based on the writings of Emile Durkheim?
a) sacrifice, obligation, repentance, community
b) beliefs, practices, moral community, the scared
c) practices, sacrifice, obligation, beliefs
d) a moral community, repentance, communion, the sacred
B. beliefs, practices, moral community, the scared.
Which sociological perspective is aligned with the beliefs that religions attaches meaning to our lives, provides emotional comfort during times of sorrow, creates a sense of solidarity with others and provides guideline with which to direct our lives?
a) the feminist perspective
c) symbolic interactionism
d) the conflict perspective
What does the spirit of capitalism refer to, as propose by Max Weber?
a) it is a doctrine emphasizing conspicuous consumption and individual success
b) it is a new approach to work and money that emphasizes investment to make profit
c) it is a doctrine legitimizing the social order and the inequalities that accompany it
d) it is the way of thinking about the supernatural and its part in religion
B. it is a new approach to work and money that emphasizes investment to make profit.
What was Weber's term to describe the ideal of a self-denying, highly moral life, accompanied by hard work and frugality?
a) the spirit of capitalism
b) the modernization doctrine
c) the Protestant ethic
d) the predestination theology
C. the Protestant ethic
Next week, Abraham, and Hazel will attend the barmixtzfah of their new nephew. Their nephew's barmixtzfah is an example of a religious _____
Functionalists stress that religion is universal because it meets human needs. Which of the following is not one of those needs?
a) meaning and purpose
b) emotional comfort
d) social solidarity
Which of the following theoretical perspectives suggest that religion is helpful to society because it helps people adapt to new situations?
b) symbolic interaction
c) protestant ethic
Name the religion that practices "Four Noble Truths"
What are the two largest religions in the world, which are both monotheistic
a) Islam and Hindu
b) Judaism and Islam
c) Christianity and Islam
d) Hindu and Judaism
C. Christianity and Islam
Marx's notion that religion diverts thoughts of workers to the afterlife rather than towards rebellion against their worldly oppressors is expressed by his statement___
a) "If people believe the situation is real, it is real in the consequences"
b) "The sum of the whole is no greater than the sum of the parts"
c) "Religion is the opium of the people"
d) "You can lead a horse to water but you cant make him drink."
C. "Religion is the opium of the people"
What is the transformation of traditional societies to industrial societies called?
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