the existence of structured inequalities between groups in society, in terms of their material and symbolic rewards. While societies involve some form stratification, only with the development of state-based systems did wide differences in wealth and power arise. The most distinctive form of straification in modern societies is class divisions.
Caste societies:Societies in which different social levels are closed, so that all individuals must remain at social level of their birth throughout life
Caste: system:A social system in which one's social status is given for life
social economic status
A term introduced by max weber to signify a person's opportunities for acheiving economic status.
opinions or attitudes held by members of one group toward another
often based on here-say, and are resistant to change
"Pink collar" work
a social based on the harnessing of machines powered by fuels
the study of the size, composition, growth, or shirnking, and distribution of human populations
the numebr of children that an average woman bears in a lifetime
the number of children that woman are capable of bearing; the biological potential of births or number of children per woman
food supplies grows arithmetically (1,2,3,4) but population grows geometrically (2,4,8,16). believed that eventually our population would far exceed our food supply
refers to urban communities with weaker social bonds and more formal methods of social control (laws)
ogburn's term for human behavior laggingbehind technological innovations
The historical epoch that is defined by the unique features of the modern world
Between 1300's ad 1500's
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