Socialization: Chapter 3 1/20/09 Human Development ? Socialization =personality + culture ? Nature Viewpoint (Darwin) ? Human Behavior=Instinctive ? Psych compiled list of instincts ? Ex. Economic System = competitiveness ? Problems with instincts ? Does not remain constant in other cultures ? Nurture Viewpoint ? Pavlov ? research on dogs ? John B. Watson - Behaviorism ? Behavior is learned/flexible ? Little Albert (rat = excited => scared ) ? Research on Heredity ? Oscar Stohr and Jack Jufe (separated at birth) ? Oscar - Hitler viewpoint, mustache, glasses ? Jack - Jewish viewpoint, mustache, glasses ? *genes play a significant role in defining one ? self image* ? Minnesota Twin study Psych approaches to self and social ? Freud ? Components of Personality ? Id = basic human drives (food, water, etc.) (always on) ? Ego = balances with Id society ? Superego = Culture (norms and values) (conscience ) ? Relationship between components? ? Ego is a bridge between Id and Superego ? Keeps Id in check ? Development Problems? ? Sociopaths and psychopaths (lack of superego ) ? Significance of Freud? ? 1. Society ? 2. Childhood experiences ? 3. People are pulled in two directions
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