Chapter 4 Levels of Sociological Analysis Macrosociology: Large-scale features of social life, includes theoretical perspective: -fuctionalism -conflict perspective 2) Microsociology: Focus on social interaction -socialization Macrosociological Perspective -Social Structure -The ?framework? or typical patterns of a group -The macro perspective guides our behavior -Social location, where one ?is? in the structure has consequences -think of a ladder, and you?re on certain spots on the ladder -there are many different ladders and many different positions or stasuses on the ladder -Culture (material and symbolic) -broadest framework that determines what kind of people we become -Life Chances (Max Weber) -free will -your position on social ladder will open some doors and not others Life Chances and Social Location -Social Class divides people by? -Income -Education -Occupational Prestige -Often called SES or (socio-economic stasus) Social Stasus -Ascribed- (born into)(involuntary) -Achieved- (voluntary), (these you earn or accomplish, achieved stasuses can be either positive or negative) -Stasus Symbol (signs that identify status) -Master Statuses- cut across your other statuses. -Some are ascribed (sex & race) -Some are achieved (wealth) -Status Inconsistency- contradiction or mismatch between their statses (ex: 14 yr. old college student)
Want to see the other 2 page(s) in Sociology Notes.docx?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!