Understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context.
People who share a culture and a territory.
The group memberships that people have because of their location in history and society.
The use of objective, systematic observations to test theories.
The application of the scientific approach to the social world.
*Suggested that we apply the scientific method to the social world, a process known as positivism.
*He wondered what holds society together.
*Coined the term sociology.
*Often credited with being the founder of sociology.
*Arm Chair Philosophy
*Sometimes called the second founder of sociology.
*His views were quite different, he said that sociology should not guide social reform.
*The (fittest) members survive, the less capable die out.
*(Survival of the fittest)
* CLASS CONFLICT.
* One of the three greatest modern thinkers.
* Thought that people should try to change society.
* Believed that the engine of human history is class conflict.
* Marxism is not the same as communism.
* I am not a Marxist!
* Primary professional goal was to get sociology recognized as a separate academic discipline.
* 1887 he was awarded with the world's first academic appointment in sociology.
* Second goal was to show how social forces affect people's behavior.
The scientific study of society and human behavior.
Marx's term for the struggle between capitalists and workers.
Marx's term for capitalist those who own the means of production(Higher Class)
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production.(Lower Class)
The degree to which people are tied to their social groups.
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