Social Psychology ? Reeder Fall 2009 CREATEDATE 8/20/09 1:58 PM 10.15.09 Positive mood leads to greater liking The Fit between the perceiver and the actor Similarity: we like similar others. Two steps are involved in the similarity-attraction relationship 1) we first avoid dissimilar others Matching Hypothesis People choose romantic partners of similar ?value? to themselves. Resource Exchange in Love Men often value physical attractiveness Women value socioeconomic status Evolutionary perspective: such differences are partly genetic The reciprocation of liking We like others who like us. Exception: Flattery that aims to manipulate (ingratiation) Close Relationships Exchange relationships are based on reciprocity Occur with strangers or acquaintances Communal relationships are based on responding to each other?s needs May occur with family, close friends, or committed romantic partner. Same Sex Friendship Women?s tend to be ?face-to-face? Men?s tend to be ?side-by-side? Three Attachment Styles Secure Avoidant Anxious/ambivalent Sternberg?s Triangular Theory of Love Love has the following three components Intimacy Passion Commitment Passionate Love Is short term and intense Two factors are necessary: Physiological arousal Belief that arousal is caused by belov Can lead to misattribution of arousal. Companionate Love: Is a caring relationship based on trust and mutual respect. Tends to be long lasting Marital Satisfaction Typically declines over time.
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