SPCH 1311 Study Sheet What is ethnocentrism? Why does it often pose a barrier to speakers who are addressing audiences of different racial, cultural, or ethnic background from the speaker? - the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one's own, It poses a barrier Identify two steps a speaker can take to avoid ethnocentrism in her or his speech. Respect all cultures and values Adapt the message What are the three types of plagiarism discussed in your textbook? Give a hypothetical example of each type. full partial minimalistic source citation and self plagarism What is the difference between hearing and listening? Identify and briefly explain each of the four types of listening discussed in your textbook. Explain the differences between informing and persuading as general speech purposes. Your textbook provides five tips for writing specific purpose statements. Identify and briefly explain four of them. Imagine that you have been asked to inform a local community group about life as a college student. In a well-developed essay, describe what your general purpose, specific purpose, and central idea would be for this speech. Then draft three main points for a speech on this topic. What is a preliminary bibliography? Why is preparing a preliminary bibliography an important step in researching a speech? What is the difference between peer testimony and expert testimony? Are there cases where the lines begin to blur? What are the principal benefits of using each kind of testimony in a speech? What are six methods a speaker can use in a speech introduction to gain the attention and interest of an audience? Identify each and offer a brief explanation. Explain the two main functions of a speech conclusion. List and explain the four methods presented in your textbook for reinforcing the central idea in the conclusion of a speech. What should a preparation outline include in addition to the main points, subpoints, and sub-subpoints? When making a preparation outline, why is it important to state main points and subpoints in full sentences? What is the difference between using language accurately and using language clearly? Explain the three criteria given in your textbook for using language clearly. What are the advantages and disadvantages of speaking extemporaneously compared with speaking from a manuscript? Define five of the following eight aspects of vocal delivery and explain their importance to effective public speaking: a. volume b. pitch c. rate d. pauses e. vocal variety f. articulation g. pronunciation h. dialect Explain the importance to effective public speaking of each of the following aspects of physical delivery: a. personal appearance b. movement c. gestures d. eye contact Explain the major advantages of using visual aids in a speech. Explain each of the following guidelines for using visual aids in a speech: a. Avoid passing visual aids among the audience. b. Prepare visual aids in advance. c. Display visual aids only while discussing them. d. Talk to your audience, not to your visual aid. Informative speeches can be classified into four types: speeches about objects, speeches about processes, speeches about events, and speeches about concepts. Into which category would you place each of the following? Explain your answer in each case. a. A speech recounting the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. b. A speech describing the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles. c. A speech discussing legal theories justifying the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. d. A speech explaining the steps political activists took to gain reparations for Japanese Americans who were interned during World War II. Explain the distinctions among questions of fact, value, and policy. Give an example of a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on each question. Identify the five steps of Monroe?s motivated sequence and explain what a speaker should do in each step.
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