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What movement led the way for specialeducation law?
Who was the expert that presented datashowing that damage was being done to the segregated group of children
Who was the Justice of the US SupremeCourt. He was the man from California and his major effort was in uniting thecourt.
He believed the decision should be leftup to the states.
Not only did Thurgood Marshall run upagainst resistance from the County of Clarendon, he also got resistance fromsome members of
Harry Briggs, Jr. never went to adesegregated school.
The conclusion of the court was thatseparate can never be equal.
Mr. and Mrs. Chee acknowledge thattheir son is different from his teenage peers, but they believe that thesedifferences are to be celebrated. They are shocked when, at their son's IEPmeeting, it is suggested that a transition plan be developed to help him beindependent after high school, as they intend for him to be cared for by hissiblings and others in their community. The Chees have which view ofdisability?
Considering the appropriate use ofdisability-related terminology, indicate the most acceptable phrase.
children with intellectual and developmental disabilities
Special education is based on thefundamental premise of
Which early 1970s court case extendedthe right for special education to children with all disabilities?
In Cedar Rapids School District v.Garrett F., the Supreme Court interpreted IDEA's definition of a relatedservice to include the provision of health services if
The first re-authorization of the EHA
added services for infants, toddlers,and their families.
Which of the following is NOT true ofFAPE?
A student's placement is determined byclassroom availability.
LRE provides for each of the followingEXCEPT
evaluated at least monthly.
How are students with disabilitiesincluded in the No Child Left Behind Actof 2001?
All students will have access to thegeneral education curriculum.
Alberto has been identified as havingADHD and qualifies for special education services According to IDEA, he wouldbe classified under the __________ category.
other health impairment
Which of the following is the MOSTprevalent among American schoolchildren?
he must have acquired his injury afterbirth.
Madelyn receives services to addressher articulation and fluency problems, which qualify her under the __________category.
speech or language impairments
Dr. Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard is bestknown for
designing instructional techniques toteach Victor, the "wild child."
__________, a student of Itard's, iscredited for bringing the special education movement to the United States.
Jaden is a high school student with asevere disability. During school he receives on-the-job training, practicesriding the city bus to his workplace, and learns about home managementactivities. Jaden is receiving what type of education?
Mr. Hess, a special education teacher,uses instructional practices than have been proven to be effective throughresearch, which are the __________ feature of evidence-based practices.
Rhonda is a student with a learningdisability who has difficulty memorizing math facts. Twice each week, she takesa one-minute timed math fact test. Her teacher collects the data from thesetests and makes her instructional decisions based upon her progress. Thisprocedure is called
Mr. Rahm adjusts his instruction tomeet the needs and learning styles of all of his 7th-grade students. Mr. Rahmis using what educational practice?
Jackson is a first-grade student whohas displays aggressive behavior toward his classmates and teacher. Which ofthe following would be appropriate to use with Jackson?
In which component of RTI are allstudents assessed?
Mr. Jindal, a third-grade teacher,provides high-quality instruction to all the students in his class. This occursduring the __________ component of RTI.
individualized education forstudents with special needs.
One common element thatsupports UDL is
Mr. Jackson teaches all thestudents in his 6th-grade social studies class the same content, but he usesdifferent instructional methods that match various learning needs, preferences,and styles. Mr. Jackson uses __________ in his classroom.
Audrey Beth has a learningdisability. She is required to learn the same content as her peers, but isallowed to give her worksheet answers orally in some classes, and receivesextra time to complete assignments in other classes. These changes to AudreyBeth's education are considered to be
Stephen is a 7th-grader witha visual disability. Which of the following would be an appropriateaccommodation for his social studies class?
providehim with the textbook on audiotape and let him listen to his assignments
A cochlear implant is adevice that is surgically inserted into a person's ear in order to help themhear. According to IDEA '04, a cochlear implant
Ms. Whelan, a generaleducation teacher, and Ms. Church, a special education teacher, teach togetherin the same classroom for the entire day. They are practicing
Jesse remains in his generaleducation class for most of the day, but goes to a special education class forhelp with reading and language arts. What type of service delivery is Jessereceiving?
Mr. and Mrs. Chakraborti wanttheir daughter to be educated with her non-disabled peers as much as possible.Which acronym represents the principle of IDEA that guarantees this right?
Aschool nurse can provide the service needed by the student in the school
Which of the following is NOTone of the purposes of the IEP process at the Identification step?
Which stage of the IEP process determineswhether the student is meeting the goals and objectives specified in the IEP?
Evaluation and reviews
Which of the following is NOTone of the procedural safeguards provided to parents through IDEA?
Parents have the right to place their child in private schoolat public expense.
What is one final goal addedto IFSPs as a child gets older?
transitionto services available for 3- to 5-year-olds
In addition to a statement ofcurrent levels of performance, an IEP should include
IEPs are available to
Anyeducator who interacts with the child
Jamie, a special educationstudent, has been expelled from school for assaulting a teacher. Before Jamiewas expelled, his IEP team needed to
The students at GeneralMiddle School have received poor scores on assessments for the past 3 years. Asa result, children at that school are being given the option of transferring toother district schools and an outside agency will take over operation of theschool in August. These are examples of outcomes of
Which of the following is NOTan example of a testing accommodation for a student?
Kevin chooses to be evaluatedon work samples that he has selected, including classroom assignments, artwork, and certificates and awards he has received. This is called
helpsthe teacher determine whether the instructional methods being used areefficient and effective.
Bobis strongly opposed to immigration. He feels that the new wave of immigrationexperienced in our country is threatening the existence of the current dominantculture. John is a proponent of
Thethree dimensions of diversity most often referred to by educators are
Guillerminaspeaks Spanish as her native language. Guillermina is considered
Nationwide,the majority of ELLs speak
EastCity Elementary has a small but growing population of recent immigrants fromMexico. As these children interact on the playground, the teachers notice thatthey speak both Spanish and English, often in the same sentence. This is anexample of
Isaiah,an African American child, speaks a learned and rule-governed social dialect ofnonstandard English. Which of the following statements is true?
Ms.Waters initially interacts with her student Mario in the same manner as therest of her students. Yet, in Mario's culture, the way she uses praise, humor,and personal space are all considered inappropriate. As a result, Mario viewsher with distrust. Sensing this, she in turn decides that he has "anattitude" and begins to view him negatively. This is an example of
Oneproblem with the federal system of categorization for race and ethnicity isthat
Inaddition to overrepresentation of students receiving special educationservices, an additional disproportionality concern that has arisen recentlyfocuses on
Largerschools with higher student-teacher ratios and more inexperienced teachers
Newresearch findings on children in poverty show that
poverty alone doesnot account for the academic difficulties exhibited by students, but ratheronly magnifies existing racial disparities caused by teachers' negativeperceptions.
Akiva,a student from India, is being evaluated for special education. Her parentswant to know whether Indian students were part of the standardizationpopulation for the tests that she will take. In other words, they want to know
Accordingto Howard Gardner's __________, children who display exceptional talent in anyone of eight areas can be identified as gifted.
Amarilisis allowed short breaks during testing situations. Which kind of anaccommodation is she receiving?
TheHead Start program was originally created for
preschoolchildren from low SES backgrounds.
__________can be described as education that incorporates the cultures of all studentsinto instruction.
CALPor classroom English is
alevel of English mastery required to access the general education curriculumand profit from instruction.
Approximatelyhow many years does it take to acquire complex language abilities required foracademic work?
Miais in a school program where her native Italian language is used for herprimary instruction. Her teachers continue to work with her in both English andItalian until her command of English is sufficient for school success. Mia isin a(n) __________ program.
Josefina'steacher supports her learning by restating concepts and instructions,explicitly teaching vocabulary, using visuals and concrete examples, andrelating new language skills to students' experiences. Josefina's teacher isusing which instructional technique or program?
__________combines aspects of cooperative learning and peer tutoring with instructionthat is rich with demonstration, careful instruction, and feedback.
Sergio,a native Spanish speaker, carries a small, hand-held electronic device that herefers to when unable to communicate effectively in English. He is using a
Yourtextbook lists which of the following considerations when using interpretersfrom a family's community?
Parentsmay feel uncomfortable discussing negative aspects of their child's academicsor behavior.
Onelandmark in the history of gifted education in the United States during theearly 1900s was
thedevelopment of the Binet Intelligence Test.
Whatevent spurred the government into action to create programs for giftedness?
thelaunch of Sputnik
Whichof the following statements explains the current (and inaccurate) perspectiveabout the education of gifted students?
"Thesechildren do not require special supports, as they can make it on theirown."
Termanbelieved giftedness was
fixedand determined by heredity.
Marland'sdefinition of giftedness does NOT include
aminimal IQ score.
Whichdefinition of giftedness is the most multidimensional?
Adancer and an athlete both exhibit which of Gardner's intelligences?
Achild who is fascinated by patterns in nature and aspires to be a marinebiologist demonstrates which of Gardner's intelligences?
Whichof the following statements is INCORRECT?
"Giftedchildren have an immature sense of humor."
Ms.Rimm, a high school principal, wants to improve the performance of her femalegifted students, particularly in the areas of math and science. Based upon whatyou have read in your text, you should recommend all of the following EXCEPT
makesure that math and science classes are taught by male teachers.
Whichgroup of students does not display the underrepresentation in gifted programsthat typifies most students from diverse backgrounds?
Educationalprograms for twice-exceptional students should incorporate gifted educationmethods as well as __________ for areas in need of remediation.
Whichschool district will probably have a larger number of students receiving giftedservices?
DistrictA, uses Renzulli's model for identification purposes
Whichof the following factors is NOT related to giftedness?
Ms.Derech has two gifted students in her class. One challenge she will face is
the pressure to increase achievement for all studentsresults in higher order thinking skills and creativity being eliminated fromclassroom instruction.
Alpais 17 months old and speaks using simple sentences–a skill not typicallymastered until the age of 24 months. Which of the following is accurate.
Alpais performing at a 30% advanced rate, and is probably gifted.
Allof the following can contribute to the multiple assessments used instead ofstandardized intelligence tests for the identification of gifted studentsEXCEPT
Whichteaching method is an example of acceleration?
Trinais a kindergarten student who can already read books, write stories, and solvemath problems. Which of the following would be the best option for Trina?
Benefitsof __________ include an adjustable pace of instruction, it is appropriatelychallenging for students, and it is cost effective for schools as specialsections of a course do not have to be offered.
Amiddle school student is involved in a program where topics or skills are addedto the traditional curriculum, and are often presented in more depth. Thestudent is in which type of program?
Whichis the best example of curriculum compacting?
modifyingor eliminating topics that gifted students have mastered
Whichof the following statements about the drop out rates of gifted students isaccurate?
Manygifted students drop out of high school because they are bored.
Collaborationamong professionals is important when working with gifted students because
moststudents attend general education classes for the major portion of their day.
Harryis a gifted student interested in political science. He is paired with an adultwith expertise in this area. This is an example of
Thefirst services in the public schools for students with speech or languageimpairments were for youngsters who
Duringthe late 1950s and 1960s, SLPs did not provide services to students withsignificant language and cognitive problems because
thegeneral belief of the day was that they were not developmentally able to profitfrom therapy.
Megansays something to Leila. Communication has occurred when
Leilaunderstands the message as Megan intended it to be understood.
Thevocal production of language refers to
Anillegal hit with an elbow in football causes damage to Peyton's tongue, lips,and teeth. Peyton has damaged components of his
Saulhas unintelligible speech that interferes with communication. Saul has a
Abnormalproduction of speech sounds is referred to as a(n) __________ problem.
WhenHarper talks, people have to lean in closely to hear her because her voice isso soft. Harper has a problem with
Bredais three years old and is not able to pronounce the "j" sound, so sheasks for "duice" instead of "juice." Breda's mother isconcerned and wonders if she should contact an SLP for help. Breda's mothershould know that
the"j" sound does not typically develop until four-years of age orlater, so Breda's speech is normal at this point.
Achild who says "pay the piano" instead of "play the piano"is demonstrating an example of what articulation error?
Whichof the following is an example of phonology?
"clicking"sounds found in Swahili and Native American languages
Theapplication of language in various communications in the social context of thesituation describes
Thereis a strong correlation between communicative competence and
AJ'steacher notices that he has difficulty following multistep directions andunderstanding class lectures. AJ may be having trouble with
Nicois 26 months old and has just said his first words. Nico
Achild may be considered as having a developmental delay under IDEA '04 if
thechild shows delays in one of five specified areas (physical, cognitive,communication, social/emotional, or adaptive development).
Youngchildren who are identified as having language impairments may often bere-labeled as having __________ in their older years.
Whattype of impairment is uncommon among schoolchildren?
SLPsdo NOT __________ during the prereferral stage.
providedirect services to the child
Allof the toddlers below have speech or language impairments. Which child is likelyto have the best outcomes?
ChildD, who receives therapy in a clinic and home-based interventions with herparents
Whyis it so important to teach phonological skills to young children?
Youngchildren who lack these skills appear to be at great risk for reading failurelater.
Kalayshais reading a passage using the strategies she learned with CollaborativeStrategic Reading. She has just encountered a "clunk." What has justhappened?
Shehas come across a word that she does not know.
Jessicahas a cleft palate. As a result, she is being fitted for a device that willcreate a closure between her oral and nasal cavities where the soft palate ismissing or damaged. Jessica is being fitted for a(n)
Whichof the following is an example of a validated practice where visual aids areused to help students organize, understand, and remember academic content?
Whichrelated service provider provides direct therapy services to students withspeech or language impairments, while also consulting with special educationand general education teachers?
During which time period was treatment ofpeople with mental disorders enlightened and humane?
__________showed that an ecological approach could affect major changes in the lives oftroubled children.
TheIDEA definition of emotional disturbance requires at least one of thecharacteristics to
persistover an extended period of time.
Accordingto the definition of emotional or behavioral disorders developed by theNational Mental Health and Special Education Coalition, the disability must beexhibited in
twodifferent settings, at least one of which is school-related.
Achild must exhibit a recurrent pattern of behavior characterized by at least__________ behavior(s) in order to be identified as having oppositional defiantdisorder by the DSM-IV-TR.
Anexample of an internalizing behavioral problem is
Jayis an aggressive three-year-old. His parents should be
extremelyconcerned, as there is a clear link between early aggression and adolescentviolence.
Althoughhe doesn't have the words to describe his thoughts, five-year-old Bruce blameshimself for his parents' divorce. He feels rejected by his father, who movedout of the house, and spends most of his free time curled up on his bed,looking out the window. Bruce is displaying symptoms of
Jenniferhas a conduct disorder. Which of the following is most likely true?
Educationalaccommodations are made for her through Section 504 and ADA.
Whichchild is more likely to be referred and identified as having an emotional orbehavioral disorder?
Jamal,an African American male
Includingevaluation measures from at least two different settings and gatheringinformation from a range of people in a child's life can
reducethe disproportionate representation of students from diverse backgrounds whoare identified as having emotional or behavioral disorders.
D.B.Morris Middle School incorporates a three-tiered model of support for itsstudents. Within this model, students are provided with increasingly moreintensive levels of interventions to help them engage in appropriate schoolbehavior. Which behavioral intervention program are they using at D.B. Morris?
Mrs.Pescucci is frustrated with the temper tantrums that one of her kindergartenstudent throws throughout the day. Which of the following would you recommendto Mrs. Pescucci to help her determine what is causing the student's behavior?
Carlois a student with an emotional or behavioral disorder. He got in a fight withanother student who does not have a disability. That student was placed in thein-school suspension program for 5 days. What is his IEP team's responsibility in this case?
todetermine if the behavior was a result of manifestation determination
Aprimary goal of screening is to
catchstudents early in order to provide necessary support to prevent the developmentof more serious problems.
Asa preschooler, Charlie participated in the Regional Intervention Project. Nowin his early 20s, the chances are high that Charlie
graduatedfrom high school.
Studentswith EBD are typically educated in
avariety of settings.
Whenconducting an FBA, Mr. Miller notices that Jason's behavioral outburstsfrequently occur after a teacher has handed him a worksheet to complete. WhenJason displays this behavior, he is sent to the principal's office. In thiscase, the act of handing him the worksheet would be considered the
Whenconducting an FBA, Mr. Miller notices that Jason's behavioral outburstsfrequently occur after a teacher has handed him a worksheet to complete. WhenJason displays this behavior, he is sent to the principal's office. In thiscase, Jason's outburst would be considered the
FBAis not appropriate for which types of behaviors?
high-impactbehaviors that rarely occur
WhenMs. Ndabge notices that one of her students becomes disruptive while doing mathseatwork, she divides his math problems into small sections, only requiring himto finish one section at a time. Once his task is broken down into manageablepieces, the student's disruptive behavior disappears. Which behavioral strategyhas Ms. Ndabge used?
Whichof the following is NOT a typical post-school outcome for students withemotional or behavioral disorders?
scorehigher on minimal competency tests but continue to fail courses
Antoniaand her family are involved in a service delivery model in which their needsare met through the collaboration of many agencies and systems. Through thismodel, they were able to get counseling services for Antonia and parenttraining for her mother and father. Social service agencies also providedadditional support to the family. This is an example of
learning the alphabet sounds
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