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takes place within the chloroplasts
the organelle that processes and packages materials to be transported is the
where does the energy required for photosynthesis come from?
1.more demand is placed on its DNA
2.uses up food and oxygen more quickly
3.has more trouble moving enough materials across its cell membrane
Once new lands were conquered, the people were "Romanized"
Roman soldiers were well trained and disciplined.
Roman legions spoke Latin.
The Western Roman Empire was besieged by :
Identify the single strand of DNA
The two chains are linked via hydrogen bonding.
Rules of base pairing- A pairs with T and C pairs with G.
Instead of the nitrogenous base thymine, RNA contains a base called Uracil.
The main goals of our foreign policy is to:
protect American and Americans
support economic growth and human rights around the world
increase support for American values like democracy and freedom
is the help or assistance that we give ot other countries, usually through our Department of State
Foreign aid comes in many forms"
economic, like money
military like soldiers helping after a disaster
advice, like how to create a democracy
Social Security Taxes
How is Nixon’s presidency an example of presidents trying to increase their power?
Nixon tried to increase the power of the president through…
-unauthorized, extended use of the military in the Vietnam War
-(attempted) use of executive privilege to hide evidence during the Watergate scandal
- Tried to circumvent congresses budgetary powers by impounding funds to avoid the debt ceiling
What is a bureaucracy?
What is the stereotype that most people have of bureaucracy?
the president and many department and agencies.
Each government department has a leader appointed by the president called a…
a. protect the USA and Americans
b. support economic growth and human rights around the world
c. increase support for American values like democracy and freedom
a. Foreign Aid
The _______ negotiates treaties, and the________approves of treaties by a ______ vote."
When citizens vote to approve or reject a bill that their state legislature is proposing or has already passed into Law.
A. Citizen of the USA
B. 18 years old
C. live in the state you will be voting in
The _______ is the vote of the public, people like you and me.
-Al gore won the popular vote, but George Bush won the electoral vote.
-HUGE problems with voting machines and counting of votes in many states
-had to do multiple recounts
-Al Gore took case to the Supreme Court
-George Bush ended up winning the presidency
a tax on certain goods that people buy like alcohol, cigarettes, jewelry, and gasoline.
occurs when the government has spent MORE money than it has raised in revenue
…the president with his office of management and budget create a budget proposal then the congress must approve and revise.
Specific enzyme that facilitates the boding of separate DNA strands?
5 to 3
Read five prime to three prime
During transcription an RNA molecule is formed
a. That is complemantary to both strands of DNA
b. that is double stranded
c. in the nucleus
d. using the enzyme DNA polymerase
Decode the following piece of mRNA
Proton- found in the nucleus of an atom: has a positive charge(+)
Neutron- found in the nucleus of an atom; has no charge (neutral)
Electron- found outside the nucleus of an atom; has a negative charge (-)
What are energy levels? How many electrons does each energy level hold?
Why is beryllium smaller than lithium?
electrons repel one another with the same type of force (electrostatic) however in the case of the electrons they are pushing one another
Inner electrons "shield" the attractive force between the nucleus and the valence electrons.
The stronger the effective nuclear charge the stronger the pull on the outer electrons, which in turn causes the atom to be smaller size.
Increasing ionization energy
Decreasing atomic radius
Increasing nonmetallic character and electronegativity
Decreasing metallic character
An ionic bond occurs between a metal and a nonmetal
An ionic bond occurs when electrons are exchanged from one elelment to another (ususally a nonmetal Takes electorns from a metal)
The nonmetalhas a higher electron affinity (the ability of an elelment to attrat electrons) because it is closer to being "Happy" ; therefore, it takes an electron(s)away from the metal so that they both become happy.
An ionic bond IS NOT a physical bond, rather an attration (closeness) between ions of opposite charge. Ex: Na+1 and Cl-1
A covalent bond occurs between 2 nonmetals OR between a nonmetal and hydrogen.
A colalent bond occurs when 2 nonmetals or a nonmetal and hydrogen share electrons to make one another happy.
A covalent bond IS a physical bond because the elelments share electrons.
Is an ionic bond a physical bond or an attraction between opposites?
1. coal beds
5. Puzzle-like fit
C6H12O6 + 6O2
6CO2 +6H2o +6H2O+
ENERGY (ATP) is the reaction for which of the following processes?
What process is best represented by the following chemical ezuation
sugars+oxygen = energy +carbon dioxide +pxugem
What are the two products that result from the photosynthetic reaction?
*places more demands on its DNA,
*uses up food and oxygen more quickly
*has more trouble moving enough materials across its cell membrane
X= Spindle fiber,
The theory that people need to be able to help themselves.
Natural selection and survival of the fittest.
It is immoral/racist'against constitution
wars and conflicts bring violence and death
difficulties/inequalities at home and immigrants would take jobs from US citizens.
Unit 3 Progressives and WWI Chap5,6 sec4, and 8 and 9
What did workers try to do to improve working conditions in the factories and mines? Why were their successes limited?
What is militarism
What is universal suffrage for women
government wanted to silence opposition to war effort , outlawed acts of treson and illegal to print, write, say or publish criticism
protected the United states during wartime against spies and trators
What is a shadow zone? Why does it occur?
1. A + B AB synthesis A=B Products? AB
2. AB A+B decomposition
3.AY = B BY +A single replacement
4. AX +BY AY + BX double replacement
5. Hydrocarbon + O 2 CO2 +H2O combustion
Endothrermic reactions absorb more energy then they release. Energy is a reactant. Ice cools down your hand or a liquid.
A monosaccharide is a ?
Which are the six most common elements in molecules?
Leader of the Fascist movement. He was called Duce (leader) by his followers; his official title was "head of the government". He held as many positions as he wanted to.
What does Fascist mean?
In Latin it means one who speaks.
A leader that decides everything without asking what the people think or believe.
US defeats beats the Japanese and Russians destroy the Germans. The British army pushed Italy, and then Germany out of North Africa.
Battle of Alamein was the first battle fought in Egypt to drive the Axis out.
US defeats the Japanese
Russians destroy the Germans
Brittish pushed Italy, then Germany out of North Africa.
United States -Roosevelt,
Joined together to fight against the central powers.
Law passed by the U.s. congress and signed by President Roosevelt in Aug. 1935. It was designed to keep the US out of a possible European war by stopping (banning) shipment of war material to belligerents at the discretion of the President.
Made the sale of weapons to countries to the president declared wre at war illegal. Also did not allow US citizens to travel on ships of warring nations.
What did Hitler believe in?
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to another. An enduring disposition on which people differ.
Influences thoughts, emotions, and behavior.
Segments of DNA - Chemical factors that determine traits. Small parts of chromosomes that control one specific trait or part of a trait; different forms of same gene are called Alleles (homozygous-alleles) same.
(heterozygous-alleles) are different
This mode of inheritance is when there is a gene that is only found on the X chromosome. Therefore the gender of the offspring matters. Example: colorblindness and hemophilia.
Shows it's effects more in men than in women because men only have one X
There are 4 primary common blood types. The most common blood type is O, followed by A, type B, and the least common blood type is AB.
Blood type is determined by the "alleles" (the different forms of a gene) that we inherit from our parents. Ther are 3 common blood type alleles: A, B, and O. We all have 2 alleles, one inherited from each parent. The possible combinations of the 3 alleles are: OO, AO, BO, AB, AA, BB. The alleles A and B are codominant ( and O is recessive.
He took pollen from one true breeding tall plant and brushed it onto the stigma (female portion) of the true-breeding short plant.
The allele for tall plants is dominant.
Gg x gg
Genotype: 2:4 = Gg,2:4 =gg Phenotype 2:4 gereen and 2:4 are yellow.
1. Inheritance is determined by units called genes. Genes are passed from parents to offspring (children).
2. In cases in which 2 or more forms of the gene (alleles) for single trait exist, some may be dominant and other may be recessive.
3. In more sexually reproducing organisms, each adult has 2 copies of each gene one from each parent. These genes are segregated from each other when gametes are formed.
4. The alleles for different genes usually segregate indipendently from each other when gametes are formed.
1. incomplete dominance,
3. multiple alleles,
4. polgenetic traits
5. sex-linked traits
A change in consumer tastes.
A change in consumer incoms (how much money they make)
A change in consumer expectations (what people expect)
A change in the price of a compliment.
A change in the price of a substitute.
When peope buy more or less of something and price has not changed, it is caused by a change in one of the derterminants of DEMAND. The determinants are:
A change in the cost of resources.
A change in worker productivity
A change in production technology
A change in taxes or subsidies
A change in producer expectations
A change in the amount of government regulations
A change in the number of sellers.
Things going on that makes the papacy unwelcome
1. Terrirtorial princess and local churches.
2. Imperial cities and atlantic economies
They dont want money taken from their economies to fuel the economy of the Roman Empire.
Nation is group of people with shared culture, history, member common group. State is a political unit that can exercise governance and control over a defined territory and population. nation state is a state that exists to provide territory and governance for a group of ppl who see themselves as a single nation.