Which of the following statements about exercise and personality is (are) supported by research evidence?
d) a and c
There is a positive relationship between exercise and self-concept, and
Exercise participation is negatively correlated with anxiety
Which theory predicts a linear relationship between arousal and performance?
According to Clough, Earle, and Sewell (2002), the four C’s of mental toughness are:
a. Contest, controlling, command, and confident
It is a grandfinal and there are 15 minutes remaining, you make a mistake that may influence your momentum and focus on the game. In this situation, is it best to use:
Approach coping, problem focused
In Hanin's work on individualized zones of optimal functioning, he argues that for best performance to occur, an athlete needs:
Which of the following are motivational psychological characteristics of a “high achiever”?
Arousal refers to an individual’s current:
The main difference between peak performance and flow is:
Situational and personal variables are co-determinants of behaviour. Highly aggressive people, for example, will usually react in an aggressive manner when placed in an aggressive situation
Research has found strong indication about training mental toughness in athletes. Some of the attributes that have been focused on during mental training programs include:
a. Thrive through challenge
d) a and c..
Thrive through challenges and tough attitude
Research by psychologists such as Deci and Ryan has shown that:
Which theory can be described by the formula “Performance = motivation to achieve success – fear of failure”?
Which of the following is NOT an essential experiential dimension of flow?
a. Challenge-skills balance
If applying feedback and reinforcement to alter an athlete’s behaviour it is best to"
The three main roles of Sport and Exercise Psychologists are:
Landers and colleagues (1985) used biofeedback techniques to train elite marksmen to shoot between heartbeats. This research is an example of a:
Hollander (1967) and Martens (1975) proposed that a person’s ____________ represents the most superficial and most easily changed level of personality:
The sport-specific form of achievement motivation is called:
According to the Distraction model of “Choking”, the theoretical reasons as to why “Choking” occurs is:
Which of the following factors is (are) deemed important for achieving flow?
signs and symptoms of insufficient intensity or duration to meet the criteria for any mental disorders
ADLs - basic self-care tasks required to live on one's own-bathing, dressing, getting in and out of bed or a chair, eating. Once affected we turn for help
IADLs - tend to be affected first- more complex tasks neccessary to conduct the business of daily life - physical + cognative-telephone,shopping,food prep,houskeeping,bills, using telephone, managing meds
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