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The function of the management process that requires the manager to take on a leadership role and manage any differences or changes that may take place within the organization is:
Under the examples below, when would vicarious liability not apply?
A) When a coach is negligent while driving the team van to an away meet and injures student-athletes in her care.
B) When a security guard working for an independent contractor harms a patron at a New England Patriots game.
C) When an athletic trainer at Big State University accidently gives a student-athlete far to much weight to life and the student-athlete sustains a permanent injury.
D) When a coach negligently instructs a wrestler on a new move and the wrestler sustains a permanent injury.
Approximately how many sport management academic programs are there in Canada?
By turning a parking garage in proximity to the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Village into a mini-Nike Town, Nike was engaged in
Which of the following statements are true?
Why do economists suggest that revenue sharing, in and of itself, will do little to improve competitive balance?
During WWII, Corcoran's tournaments raised money for
Administrative law describes the body of law created by rules, regulations, orders, and decisions of administrative bodies.
Of the four major professional leagues, only three have shown growth in franchise values over the last 15 years.
Equal protection applies to discrimination on the basis of
Why did thoroughbred racing in the early United States fail to gain popularity?
In 1992 the San Jose Sharks utilized _____________ in heavily traveled areas to help gain information about fan reaction to proposed logo and uniform designs.
What sport organization did Walter O'Malley work for?
Which of the following is not a common element used to define management?
Where revenue sharing may be effective as a tool to improve competitive balance is when it is used in conjunction with a ________.
_____ involves measuring and ensuring progress toward organizational objectives.
There is a difference between an industry's sales and value added.
True or False? William Hulbert founded the National League.
Which two leagues utilize a form of luxury tax?
All of the following are examples of publicly traded sport companies except
While at a sporting event it is common for a sponsor company to offer free merchandise in exchange for filling out personal information, such as name, address and demographics, on a specialized index card. This is an example of
The process of making a correct and fair decision is called _____.
The purposes of sport marketing research include all of the following exceptallowing fans direct input into team personnel decisions
The academic who first discussed the concept of offering sport management programs at colleges and universities was
For purposes of due process, college scholarships from state universities are considered property which cannot be taken away without providing the right to notice and a hearing.
A principal may never be held liable for torts committed by or contracts entered into by an agent.
_____ refers to the ability of workers to identify and acknowledge emotions when they occur, and instead of having an immediate emotional response, to take a step back, allowing rational thought to influence their actions.
Some _____ are universal and esteemed in all aspects of life.
Which of the following is not an example of judicial review of an athletic association
Academic discussions of morality often start with a discussion of _____ versus _____.
Which of the following statements is false?
_____ is essential in scientific research, but in sport “faking out” an opponent is seen as an acceptable strategy and a way to gain advantage.
True or False? Trained sport management professionals have managed the sport business world since the emergence of professional sports in the country.
What two themes run through this chapter's examination of sport organizations?
_____ is similar to the regular decision-making process in business situations in that there is a given structure to follow when making an ethical decision.
Nike has successfully used each of the following as athlete endorsers except
Under the law of agency, the principal owes the agent certain duties. Which of the following is not a duty owed to the agent by the principal.
Which of the following is not an appropriate title of a manager in a sport organization?
True or False? Management is all about finding the best way to work with the employees to get the job done.
Nike's huge success since 1972 has come primarily as a result of all of the following except
Why have no rival leagues to the major American sport leagues emerged in more than 20 years?
Leagues can borrow less expensively than individual teams.
True or False? The first sport management academic program was at Ohio State University.
With regard to international sport management, sport managers from North America must be aware that
Concern over the lack of women, minorities, and people with disabilities in management positions in sport has been well documented in several areas, including
Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it is not illegal to discriminate based on religion, gender, or national origin if the classification is
Which statement concerning the tradeoff between financing through debt or equity is true?
Which league has seen the most dramatic growth in TV revenues over the last 15 years?
True or False? The United States is the birthplace of modern sport and sport management.
Leagues such as the NFL, NBA, and MLB all maintain “credit facilities” because
Finance within the sports industry is unique from other industries with a unique set of terminology.
Codes of conduct may be considered counterproductive if
One of the biggest distinctions between moral decision making and other ethical decisions is
Customer retention activities demonstrating care and concern for the customer following a purchase is considered by marketers as
_____ employees on a daily basis is a constant challenge to any sport manager.
Sport managers' decision making is complicated because the outcomes of their decisions affect diverse groups of people whose interests are often in conflict.
Courts have the power to grant two types of remedies: monetary damages and injunctive relief.
A moral rule of noncommercial work includes
To solve an ethical dilemma, decision makers try to make a(n) _____ argument.
Sport law was first documented as a formally recognized specialty
All of the following are examples of a demographic trait or characteristic except
Who is recognized as the architect of the professional golf tournament?
Which of the following was not an inaugural member of the National League?
The salary cap used in the NFL is an example of a “soft” cap.
The average player salary in the NBA is now approximately ________.
A collective bargaining agreement is
What is not a form of discrimination prohibited under Title VII of the Civil Rights
What challenge does the non-spectator sport sector face as the industry continues to grow?
All of the following are examples of “financial” mechanisms for altering competitive balance EXCEPT
Title IX forbids discrimination on the basis of sex in any sport organization.
When organizations borrow, they are legally obligated to pay back _____, plus ______.
An entire subfield of economics has developed that examines the spectator sport industry because, while teams may compete against each other on the field, they must cooperate off the field.
The average annual growth of NFL franchises has been greater than that for the other three major professional sports leagues over the last 15 years.
True or False? Tournaments today are often created by marketing agencies or broadcast media rather than by player associations.
The earliest evolutionary change in sports broadcasting from factual reporting to sports entertainment was seen within
Mark McCormack's sports marketing agency, IMG, began through a relationship with players of this sport
The proper steps involved in recruiting and selecting the right person for getting the job done include
Who was the first professional baseball team?
Which of the following are examples of sport organizations with codes of conduct
True or False? The design of new sports stadiums indicates that marketers believe that the “place” aspect of the marketing mix is becoming increasingly more important to sports fans.
Every sport manager needs to understand the basics of being a(n) _____ in the twenty-first century.
Which of the following was instrumental in initiating the modern Olympic Games?
True or False? Sport management is unique only to North America.
Procedural due process requires that the accused be given notice, the opportunity for a hearing, and the right to a government appointed lawyer.
Which of the following are contributing factors to the competitive balance issue?
What was the first sport to use sport management principles in the United States?
The first organized group of professional baseball players was known as the
True or False? MLB negotiated a provision into its 2002 collective bargaining agreement that allowed teams to carry unlimited amounts of debt.
Vicarious liability is
Although most change happens without major resistance, sport managers have to be aware that people tend to resist change for _____ reasons.
Because a sport marketer has very little control over their core product it has led entrepreneurs like Bill Veeck to focus on
Which financial statement measures the financial performance of an organization over a specified time period, usually a year?
Numerous youth sport programs have adopted codes of conduct, often having separate codes for participants, coaches, and parents.
The payroll threshold set for a luxury tax acts the same as a hard salary cap.
Fred Corcoran convinced cities to host golf tournaments by telling them the benefits of
True or False? Organizing involves setting a course of action for the sport organization.
Female coaches whose salaries are not equal to those of their male counterparts have filed ___________ lawsuits.
Sport managers make decisions on a daily basis that affect large numbers of people including
Of the major revenue-generating college sports, between 1989 and 2003, revenues in women's basketball grew at a higher rate than in football or men's basketball.
Waivers and releases of liability are contracts where parties agree to give up their right to sue for all types of torts.
The Sport Broadcasting Act of 1961 does what?
The manager determines what types of jobs need to be performed and who will be responsible
Which of the following are “non-financial” mechanisms for altering competitive balance?
Keeping the financial scope of the sport industry in mind, it is important to note that sport managers need to be able to organize and work with _____, the most important asset in their organization.
Increased revenue in spectator sports has come from
True or False? Sport managers need to learn, understand, and respect the differences in language, culture, etiquette, management, and communication styles when working in the international sport marketplace.
Codes of conduct are the be-all and end-all of organizational ethics.
If codes of ethics are too detailed, they can actually discourage moral reasoning.
Sport managers must master their _____ skills in order to be successful.
______ is/are anything that an organization owns that can be used to generate future revenues.
The first sport management academic organization was called
The role of managers can be challenging as they try to _____.
Which is not a defense available to an employer in a vicarious liability claim?
If done well, codes of conduct can help to create an ethical climate in an organization.
What baseball industry professional was involved with the initial discussions of developing sport management as an academic field?
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act protects employees from discrimination on
The purposes of sport marketing research include all of the following except
What other sports developed management structures similar to jockey clubs?
The modern Olympic Games in 1896 were held in which city?
All of the following are functions of promotion except
A waiver violates public policy if
Before a sport manager is liable for negligence, the plaintiff must show that the sport manager owed the plaintiff a duty of care. A legal duty of care arises from which of the following origins.
Teams prefer their stadiums to have more ordinary regular seating to having luxury seating and club seating.
Who founded the National League?
True or False? The first modern Olympics were held in Paris, France.
True or False? Motivating employees on a daily basis is a constant challenge to any sport manager.
Behaviors and preferences like an individual's beliefs, opinions, lifestyles, and habits are considered by marketers to be
The jockey club concept originated in which nation?
All of the following have contributed to the increasing importance of developing and cultivating a positive image EXCEPT
In a basic sense, the financial success of an organization is ultimately dependent on
True or False? Thoroughbred racing quickly became the most popular professional sport in the colonial United States.
What is the term given to the amount of their own money owners have invested in the firm?
True or False? The Cincinnati Reds were the first professional baseball team.
Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 bars discrimination in education against women only.
Few areas of sport management present managers more difficulty than _____.
An _____ is a practical conflict involving more or less equally compelling values or social obligations.
Ethical decision making is not a random process in which the sport manager just reacts from his or her “gut” feeling.
True or False? On a large scale, major corporations have not changed the way they view athlete endorsement contracts based on events in recent history.
Laws are created and enforced to maintain order and to help society function smoothly.
Which of the following is not a defense available to an employer to justify a disparity
An injunction is an order from the court to do or not do a particular action.
The increase in ticket prices in all leagues in recent years reflects
The law used to protect against ambush marketing is
Which of the following is NOT a step in the classic model of decision making?
An agent must never act on behalf of a principal when a conflict of interest is present.
In sport, an example of a(n) _____ is that all athletes give an honest effort whenever they compete.
_____ are the fundamental baseline values dictating appropriate behavior within a society.
To be effective, discipline must meet which of the following criteria?
The goal of risk management is
_____ is defined in this course as a management theory focusing on the behavior and motivations of people in the workplace.
True or False? There are less than 100 sport management programs in the United States.
What university had the first sport management academic program?
True or False? Sport marketers should be just as focused on innovations in the world of traditional marketing as they are on trends within their particular sport.
True or False? The number of sport management academic programs has declined within the last 10 years.
The NFL uses its scheduling system to foster competitive balance by giving teams with poorer records during the previous season “easier” schedules in the following season.
Which of the following leagues uses a “soft” salary cap?
A valid contract contains which of the following elements
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