9/21/09 9:35 AM delines for critical reading Preview the text to consider preliminary questions. What does the title tell you? What do you already know about the subject? What opinions do you have? What do you hope to learn? What information can you find about the author and his or her purpose, expertise, and possible biases? What can you learn from considering when, where, and how the text was published? What effects do visuals, subdivisions, and headings have? What do you expect the main point of the text to be? Read and annotate the text. What key terms and ideas do you identify? What statements do you agree with? disagree with? What sources does the text cite? What do you find confusing or unclear? What do you need to look up? Summarize what you have read, and jot down ideas and questions. Analyze the text. What are the main points? Do they match your expectations? What evidence does the text provide? How are examples used? What other evidence or counter-evidence occurs to you? Are the sources trustworthy? How do the words and visuals work together? What are the author?s underlying assumptions? Was the author?s purpose accomplished? What is intriguing, puzzling, or irritating about the text? What would you like to know more about? Reread the text, and check your understanding. Preview and annotation The article ?Many Women at Elite Colleges Set Career Path to Motherhood,? by Louise Story, appeared on pp. A1 and A18 of the New York Times on September 20, 2005. The first portion of the article appears below, with a student?s preview notes and annotations. Summary Here is how the same student summarized Louise Story?s article ?Many Women at Elite Colleges Set Career Path to Motherhood? (below). A group of women at Ivy League schools told a reporter who surveyed and interviewed them that they planned to stop working or cut back on work when they had children. The reporter suggests that the women?s responses are evidence of a trend and of ?changing attitudes.? Analysis Here are some of the student?s notes for an analysis of Louise Story?s New York Times article, part of which appears below. Because the student felt that the article ? and her response to it ? raised many unanswered questions, she decided to research responses to the article as well as information about how the writer came up with the data cited. The evidence for a trend seems pretty skimpy. The reporter interviews several students who indicate that they plan to stop working or work part-time when they have children. The reporter says ?many? students feel this way. But according to the numbers the reporter provides, she talked to just 138 people out of an unknown number of responses to an email survey. The reporter doesn?t provide any information about what previous generations of women at Ivy League schools felt about working or staying home with their children either, so there?s no way to identify this point of view as a change in college women?s attitudes ? even though the reporter uses the phrase ?changing attitudes? twice. St. Martin?s Handbook 9/21/09 9:35 AM 9/21/09 9:35 AM
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