Julie wants to understand the growth rates of kindergarten children. She asks a local elementary school for their help and takes the measurements of 45 kindergartners throughout the year. She finds that the children grow at a rate of 2-4 inches over the year while the national research shows that children of that age grow at a rate of 2-3 inches per year. Identify the population, sample, statistic and parameter in this scenario.

- Population: All kindergarten children

Sample: all of the children at the elementary school

Statistic: 2-3 inches per year

Parameter: 2-4 inches per year

- Population: All kindergarten children

Sample: all of the children at the elementary school

Statistic: 2-4 inches per year

Parameter: 2-3 inches per year

- Population: All kindergarten children

Sample: the 45 children at the elementary school

Statistic: 2-4 inches per year

Parameter: 2-3 inches per year

- Population: the 45 children at the elementary school

Sample: All kindergarten children

Statistic: 2-3 inches per year

Parameter: 2-4 inches per year

- Population: the 45 children at the elementary school

Sample: All kindergarten children

Statistic: 2-4 inches per year

Parameter: 2-3 inches per year