Get started today!

Good to have you back!
If you've signed in to StudyBlue with Facebook in the past, please do that again.

- StudyBlue
- Oklahoma
- University of Oklahoma
- Statistics
- Statistics 2113
- Fife
- Stats Ch. 3

Alison F.

Frequency

- number of time a score appears
- symbolized by "f"

Distribution

general name researches use for any organized set of data

Advertisement
)

N

total number of scores, not the number of different scores

Simple Frequency Distribution

- shows the number of times each score occurs in a set of data
- found by counting how many times the score appears
- if three participants scored 6, then frequency of 6 is 3

Bar Graph

- use when you have a nominal or ordinal data set
- adjacent bars do not touch
- thus, the x variable is discrete

Histogram

- use when plotting a frequency distribution containing a small number of different ratio or interval scores
- adjacent bars touch because the data is continuous

Polygon

- use when plotting a frequency distribution containing a large set of different ratio or interval scores
- measurements are continuous

Normal Curve

- aka normal distribution
- can't label y axis with specific frequencies
- higher the curve is above the score, the higher the score's frequency
- never touches x-axis
- score with the highest frequency is in the middle
- curve is symmetrical
- extreme scores are tails

Negatively Skewed Distribution

- has extreme low scores that have low frequency
- does not have low frequency, extreme high scores
- bump is on the right

Positively Skewed Distribution

- contains extreme high scores that have a low frequency
- does not contain low frequency, extreme low scores
- bump is on the left

Bimodal Distribution

- a symmetrical distribution containing two distinct bumps, each reflecting high frequency scores
- ex. on a test most students score a 70 or 90, with fewer 60 or 80s

Rectangular Distribution

- shaped like a circle. jk. jbf. it is a rectie!
- ex. 2 students get As, 2 get Bs... etc

Formula for Relative Frequency for a Score

rel. f = f/n

Relative Frequency Distribution

- a graph shows this
- to find this with a set of data, 1st make a simple frequency table
- ex.

6 1 .05

5 0 .00

4 2 .10

3 3 .15

2 10 .50

1 4 .20

Cumulative Frequency

- frequency of all scores at or below a particular score
- written as cf

Advertisement

Percentile

- the percent of all scores in the data at or below a certain score
- so, if the score of 80 is at the 75th percentile, this means that 75% of the sample scored at or below 80

* The material on this site is created by StudyBlue users. StudyBlue is not affiliated with, sponsored by or endorsed by the academic institution or instructor.

"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"

Alice , Arizona State University"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"

Tim , University of Florida"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly!??I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"

Jennifer , Rutgers University"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"

Justin , LSU