Stress, Trauma, Psychopathology; Anxiety And Ocd Disorders
What gene found in human beings is related to whether people will show stress responses to maltreatment as children?
The gene is the Monoamine Oxidase A gene (MAO-A), the gene that breaks down dopamine, epinephrine, and serotonin.
What chromosome is the MAO-A gene found on?
The MAO-A gene is found on the X chromosome
What part of the limbic system is associated with both physical pain and social pain, and is active when people are in distress?
The anterior cingulate cortex becomes active during the experience of both physical and social pain, and is responsible for the unpleasantness of both experiences
What 21-letter word is the name of the modern science that studies how our immune system is affected by psychological factors?
That field is known as psychoneuroimmunology
Name 3 of the psychological factors that can reduce immune system functioning, and one that can increase it.
Loneliness, poor social support, negative mood, disruption of marital relationships, bereavement, and natural disasters have all been shown to reduce immune system functioning. Having close friendships has been shown to increase immune system functioning.
What proteins produced by the immune system are known to cause the feelings of lack of energy and feelings of sickness that often accompany stress and depression?
Those proteins that cause feelings of sickness are known as cytokines