What is “Sfumato” in the work of Leonardo da Vinci? Fine shading that produces soft, barely visible transitions between colors and tones. Where is the Mona Lisa and how did It get there? The Mona Lisa painting currently hangs in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. Before Leonardo's Death, he was invited to the kings palace; King Francois I. Leonardo carried the Mona Lisa with him wherever he went, and because he died in France, the Mona Lisa became a gift to the King of France. In what ways does the Amida Buddha sculptural group reflects the tastes of Japanese aristocracy? Their great age and wisdom. What subject in prehistoric cave art was rarely shown? Humans. What is the Venus of Willendorf? Female fertility figure. This figure was used as a magical charm. What is Folk Art? The work of untrained artists working in rural areas. For what purpose would a King commission a portrait? To glorify a man with supreme power. What is Futurism? Early 20th century Italian modern art movement. How did Maya Lin describe the design of her Vietnam Veterans Memorial Monument? Who was Ansel Adams? Photographer and environmentalist. Zhan Wang’s Urban Landscape is a comment on? Who funded The Gates by Christo and Jean-Claude? Christo and Jeanne-Claude financed everything by themselves. What artist used the power of art to be self-expressive and cathartic after being in a terrible accident? Frida Khalo What elements does Marc Chagall’s combine? Love and wonder. Describe Paul Klee’s Dance You Monster to My Soft Song! What is another word for folk art? Fine art. What category of art would include jewelry and woven rugs? Craft and decorative art. What was Andy Warhol’s studio called? “The Factory”. Be familiar with Tony Oursler’s work, Studio: Seven Months of My Aesthetic Experience (and then some)? What is three-dimensional space? Space we live in. Contains objects that can be viewed from all sides. What is a gestural line? Lines that are results of an artist’s movement. What is another word for organic shape? Naturalistic and Biomorphic. What are geometric shapes? Straight and curved lines that progress. What is another name for simplified shapes? Abstracted. What is Chiaroscuro? Dramatic contrast between light and dark. How does James Turrell use light in his artwork? His installations transform simple spaces into sublime expences. He also uses light as his medium. What do we mean when we say an object has a tactile quality? Something that can be touched. What are neutrals in color theory? White, black and gray. What are tints? Hues that have been lightened by white. (Hue – name of a color that is on the color wheel). Who discovered that white light creates the spectrum? Isaac Newton. What are analogous colors? Green, blue, green-blue; colors adjacent on the color wheel. What can affect a color besides objects next to it? Changes in light. What is simultaneous contrast? The effect of two colors meeting. Their similarities are not apparent. What is negative space? Altered space of an element. What symbol demonstrates a figure-ground ambiguity? Yin-Yang symbol. What is visual weight? The relative importance of an element in a picture plane. What is bilateral symmetry? Also known as symmetrical balance. General equivalence of shape and position on opposite sides of a central axis. In what ways can an artist create emphasis in his or her design? By using Radical balance – When all the elements revolve around a central point. What is the main way to create unity in a composition? Repetition of shapes, textures, patterns, or colors. What is the Golden Mean? The guiding principal for designs. Who was Pythagoras? Mathematician who discovered the ratio for designs of great buildings. What is the ratio of 1:1.618 known as? Phi. How did modern sculptor Alberto Giacometti use proportion in his figurative work? Who funded Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc? The federal government. What were the dimensions of the Tilted Arc? 12 feet tall and 120 feet long. What is atmospheric perspective? Creating deep space in 2D art. In what way is depth implied in the Persian illuminated manuscript, The Court of Gayumars? Size and overlapping figures. What famous Renaissance architect discovered linear perspective? Filippo Brunelleschi What is a Vanishing Point? A point where lines end. In linear perspective how is the horizon line determined? Identical to your eye level.