Study Guide Flashcards
- University of Missouri- Columbia
- Health Professions
- Health Professions 4955
- Study Guide Flashcards
Last Modified: 2011-12-13
Topic 1: A researcher spends 30 minutes a day observing toddlers playing in a park over a two week period. He documents how frequently each child pushes, hits and pinches other children. This is an example of a researcher –
Topic 1: Study generated numbers that can be statistically analyzed are called
Topic 1: Which of the following situations represents an empirical approach to research?
Topic 1 : What is entailed when using an empirical approach to research?
Topic 1:A researcher studied post-partum depression in patients who had been discharged from the hospital. One group of patients received a series of counseling sessions while the other did not. The study conducted by this researcher is best described as a –
Topic 2:An experiment is known as a true experiment when:
Topic 2: Non-experimental studies differ from experimental studies as follows
Topic 2: 10 patients are randomly divided into 2 groups. One group was instructed how to properly use an MDI (metered Dose Inhaler) in the traditional fashion by receiving one-on-one instruction from a Respiratory.Therapist. The other group was asked to try a new approach and was given an instructional video to watch. Identify the control group.
Topic 2: In "true" experiments -
Topic 2: The major difference between experimental and non-experimental studies is that non-experimental studies –
Topic 2: A typical non-experimental study
Topic 2: In order to assess cause and effect relationships researchers will most often choose to do a
Topic 2: Causal-comparative studies
Topic 3: In well constructed empirical studies, researchers address the following questions:
Topic 3: Students were randomly divided to form two groups – "A" and "B". Both groups were asked to respond to a series of questions. When a correct answer was given members of Group "A" received ice cream but those individuals in Group "B" did not.
Group "A" is the ________ group, Group "B" is the ___________ group. This is an example of a ____________.
Topic 3: This method is a powerful scientific tool that, when used properly can provide data on many important issues in all sciences
Topic 3:For a research study to be considered a "true" experiment study participants must -
Topic 4: A study is needed to determine if blue backgrounds are better than red backgrounds when preparing effective power point presentations; the best way to determine this would be to:
Topic 3: A characteristic of a casual-comparative study is which of the following?
Topic 3: A characteristic of a casual-comparative study is which of the following?
Topic 3:Which of the following is a characteristic of an ex post facto study?
Topic 3:Empirical research is based on
Topic 4:A census study –
Topic 4 : Information examined in order to understand the past is called
Topic 4: An example of quantitative research would be…
Topic 4:Which of the following is an example of qualitative research?
Topic 4: In correlational research, researchers are interested in
Topic 4: Assessing the visual acuity of a sample of children over a ten year period is best described as
Topic 4: A research study was done that tracked the annual migration paths of a flock of Canada geese whose members had been fitted with GPS (global positioning systems). The study lasted for 12 years. This is an example of –
Topic 5:A trait or characteristic with two or more categories is termed a -
Topic 5: If a respondent to a survey can belong to one and only one categories, the categories are termed -
Topic 5: Historical research strives to
Topic 5: A variable has –
Topic 5: The variable causes changes in the variable.
Topic 5: Which of the following is an independent variable?
Topic 6: The purpose of experiments is to estimate the extent to which:
Topic 6: The dependent variable in research is also referred to as the –
Topic 6: In research the independent variable is –
Topic 6: In a study a researcher may "physically manipulate" an independent variable. An example of this would be –
Topic 6: Three groups of five patients are given a new medication. An additional group of five is given a placebo. Which of the following is the independent variable?
Topic 6 What are the 2 variables in all experiments?
Topic 6: Which of the following is an example of an independent variable?
Topic 6 :In an experiment where different amounts of gunpowder were added to a cannon, and different firing positions (angles of elevation) were used when firing the cannon, a researcher recorded the distance traveled by a standard 15 pound cannon ball. In this study the independent variable(s) would be the –
Topic 6: All of the following are examples of physical manipulation by a researcher except
"In what ways does the job performance of Harvard law students differ from that of Penn State law students", is an example of:
A directional hypothesis predicts…
If I hypothesize that breastfed babies will have a lower incidence of illness in their first year of life than non-breastfed babies, my hypothesis is a:
Stating that I expect that college freshman females will have a better comprehension of calculus than college freshman males is an example of a:
The null hypothesis is used to "prove" that:
If I say that the baseball fans in St Louis are different than those in Kansas, my hypothesis is –
A "research purpose" or "research question" can be used in place of the term"nondirectional hypothesis" because these terms –
The "null hypothesis" –
If I say that I believe that students sitting in the back three rows of this class will score lower than those sitting in the front five rows I am making a prediction best described as a(n) -
A variable that is defined in terms of precise, concrete or physical steps is a(n) –
To be fully "operationalized" an operational variable must include an explanation of the study’s –
When you attempt to confirm the results and findings of a another researcher’s work by repeating the study as it was done originally you are said to be –
Operational definitions of variables allow us to:
The difference between a conceptual definition and an operational definition is that:
A clear description of a study’s design, methodology and the "constructs" used by its author make it easier for the study to be –
The definitions found in dictionaries are examples of:
An operational definition is:
Which of the following is an example of an operational question?
A qualitative approach to research is characterized by –
Qualitative researchers would most likely use what approach to gathering information?
Quantitative research is research in which the results are…
Patty sat in a café eating donuts while gathering data on a police force by making preliminary observations and conducting informal interviews. This is an example of:
An example of a deductive approach to research planning is:
Whenever time and money are limited and a quick answer that can be generalized is being sought the researcher is likely to use –
Qualitative research relies heavily on –
Quantitative researchers usually choose to select –
Whenever there is little known about a particular topic the researcher is most likely to use –
Which of the following combinations of information combines qualitative and quantitative research?
An irrelevant factor when choosing to do a qualitative versus a quantitative study is –
Which of the following is a situation where qualitative research should probably be used?
Using a summative evaluation is a form of assessment best utilized for ________ situations…
When information is collected from participants about the goals they want to achieve at the end of their
When preparing a report for a grant for a study that has been completed , a researcher should use this type of evaluation -
Another term for a program evaluation is a(n) -
In conducting research it is the researcher’s responsibility to take all reasonable precautions to prevent participants from suffering –
Informal consent is…
Debriefing participants is –
In terms of ethical considerations, when conducting research, the primary concern is to
Ethics state that participants must be protected from -
Informing humans subjects/participants of the specific purpose(s) of a study –
A theory that is induced by observations made by a researcher and that is revised as these observations continue is called –
When we try to develop theories that explain events we have observed, we are…
A unified explanation for discrete observations that might otherwise be viewed as unrelated or contradictory is termed -
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