Question-Answer method aimed at increasing patient's motivation to change. Has 5 principles.
5 Principles of Motivational Interview
Key points the interviewers have in mind during interview:
* Feedback - Therapist listens to whatpatient says he does between sessions and gives feedback.
* Responsibility - Patient needs to take responsibility for actions
* Advise - Tell patient what needs to be done
* Menu - Plan to avoid places where there is a high probability for relapse and go to safe places
* Empathy - Feeling for how the patient feels
* Self-efficacy- Getting patient to develop confidence
Relapse Prevention movement
Risk for relapse begins with any high-risk situation in which the individual feels a loss of control. Received greatest boost from cognitive-behavioral approach to therapy.
Abstinence Violation Hypothesis (AVE)
If they have been good for months, then have just one drink, it's very difficult to stop at that point. Most don't stop until they're way over the top.
Smoker Statistics =
45% in 1954 to less than 20% in 2008 (People that smoke in the U.S.)
Nicotine Dependence: Theory
Schachter studies on nicotine and smoking:
Vitamin C and smoking
Deterrent for nicotine use. If you take this and have a cigarette within 24 hours, you'll get really sick. It's like Antabuse for alcohol.
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