case: Georgia legislature voided land grants made under an earlier, corrupt legislature
Ruling: Georgia law voiding a land grant made by an earlier legislature was unconstitutional
Significance: established the sacredness of contract
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
the Supreme Court upheld the power of the national government and denied the right of a state to tax the federal bank using the Constitution's supremacy clause; the Court's broad interpretation of the necessary and proper clause paved the way for later rulings upholding expansive federal powers
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Ogden's monopoly on NY river from state issued shipping license is challenged by Gibbons' federally issued license because monopolies were outlawed nationwide. *Extended- all companies that cross state lines can be regulated.* The Supreme Court determined that the commerce clause of the Constitution grants the federal government the power to determine how interstate commerce is conducted.
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp (1937)
Court: Congress does have the right to regulate labor involved in interstate commerce.
Main idea: This shows a very important shift in the court. They are no longer concerned with the distinction of whether it is in or out o the stream of commerce, but weather or not it has a relationship with interstate commerce. It dosent even have to have a substantial effect on interstate commerce. Just a relationship with it.
Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
Court upheld congressional control of a farmer's production of wheat from home because the cumulative effect of many farmers using subsistence farming would greatly affect interstate commerce
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United states (1964)
This case was brought to the court when the heart of atlanta motel refused to accept black people. The court said that the civil rights act of 1964 was constitutional, and the congress could use its power to regulate commerce within states to strike down racial segregation discrimination.
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